Patrick Gaffney, C.S.C.
B.A., University of Notre Dame, 1969
Certif., University of Utrecht, 1972
M.Th., University of Notre Dame, 1973
M.A., University of Chicago, 1977
Ph.D., ibid., 1982
Religious leadership and politics, symbolic systems, humanitarian crises, language and culture, social structure and conflict in Central Africa; Egypt and the Middle East, Russia. (1980)