All Graduate Course Descriptions

ANTH 60084
Structural Violence
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Elective

In this course we will examine the "violence of everyday life" experienced by people both inside and outside of active war zones, and investigate how taken-for-granted structures such as bureaucracy, security, nation, color and creed (to name only a few) constrain and damage peoples' lives, causing suffering and stress, and often leading to radicalism and violence. How do physical walls perpetrate and perpetuate violence? Why does resource richness cause poverty and war? What is the lived experience of systematic inequality? When does everyday hopelessness become explosive violence? Students will examine how violence is both culturally mediated and understood, and will learn to recognize the symptoms and anticipate the consequences of oppression, neglect, and resistance around the world.

ANTH 60201
Orientations to Biological Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course will review, engage and analyze major themes, perspectives, and methodologies in biological anthropology and illustrate their connectivity and integration into a broader anthropological approach. The seminar will contain a heavy reading load of historical and current theoretical and practical applications of evolutionary, ecological, physiological, endocrinological, molecular and morphological approaches in the study of humans and other primates, past and present.

ANTH 60202
Orientations to Anthropological Archaeology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of anthropologically-oriented archaeological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline, examining both big picture questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work, and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60203
Orientations to Sociocultural Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of sociocultural anthropological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline and will become conversant with both big questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work. Shared activities and readings across our graduate courses emphasize the integrative nature of our inquiry.

ANTH 60204
Orientations to Linguistic Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course orients you to the theory and practice of anthropological inquiry focused on the constitution of subjects through language use. To what ends do social beings engage in communication and what are obligatory properties of its organization? The seminar examines how language and cultural structure and change afford sometimes opposing limitations and possibilities for linguistically mediated life. We explore the dialectic between creative agency and semiotic systems as material fields in the collective fashioning of meaning and difference through speech, ritual, mass media, and verbal art. You are expected to incorporate concepts from the course into your own planned doctoral work and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60313 
Analytical Methods in Anthropology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course will provide enrolled students with a grounding in some of the methods of analysis present in the field of anthropology. The focus of the course is on developing skills that students can use to do systematic analysis of anthropological data, including both qualitative and quantitative data. The perspective guiding the course is that anthropology is an empirical, scientific approach for describing social and cultural aspects of human life. The course will explore a range of inductive and deductive approaches and will cover analytic skills that cut across traditions, including theme identification, code definition, pattern recognition, correlation, and testing for significance. Advanced topics covered will include introduction to network analysis, non-parametric and parametric statistics, content analysis, cultural consensus, as well as basic modeling. Specific methods and tools covered are text analysis, descriptive statistics, goodness of fit, ANOVA, correlation, regression, and graph analysis. Students will learn techniques and protocols in data arrangement, visualization, and partitioning that are appropriate for different analytical methods. This course will appeal to both undergraduate students (seniors and some juniors) and graduate students.

ANTH 60331
Children, Youth and Violence
Elective
Crosslisted from IIPS

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course, we will examine the particular social, cultural, and political positions occupied by children and youth in contexts of violence, and the practices in which they engage to survive. Children have inhabited a position in popular imagination as unmitigated victims of violence as the refugees, the slaves, the kidnapped child soldiers while youth have contrarily been portrayed as the willing perpetrators of violence: its rebels, gang members, and rioters. In this course, we will investigate notions of child and youth autonomy, gendering, socialization, liminality and resistance through case studies ranging from the streets of Pakistan to the juvenile prisons of the US and the rebel camps of Sierra Leone.

ANTH 60344
Disaster, Relief, and Development
Elective
Department Approval Required
- Graduate Students Only
Disasters affecting human populations range from natural (droughts, famines, earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, tsunami) to anthropogenic (conflict, instability, civil strife, and warfare) causes. People displaced by these disasters are usually provided help in the form of humanitarian relief focusing on the equitable provisioning of food, shelter, and other basic necessities within a secure and apolitical environment as the people wait for repatriation/resettlement. However, many of these relief efforts usually end up providing these services to displaced peoples long after the original disaster has ended, and often become the catchment sites for those fleeing subsequent disasters. Over time, relief efforts aimed at basic necessities are combined with development efforts as relief organizations strive to sustain large populations of displaced peoples usually in marginal environments. This course will explore the complexities of providing both relief and development to displaced peoples over time, by comparing and contrasting different approaches. Readings and course materials will be drawn from anthropology, sociology, public health, economics, political science, engineering, and psychology.

ANTH 60383
Cultures of Fear: Horror Film
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course will examine the construction and application of central themes in the scope of international horror cinema and how they reveal salient aspects of cultural similarities and differences including: gender, sexuality, violence and socio-political climates.

ANTH 60800
Ethnographic Methods for Peace Research
Cross listed  from IIPS

In this course, students will learn to use methods, insights, and techniques of ethnographic fieldwork in order to conduct research in conflict and post-conflict settings. We will investigate topics such as researcher identity and access in the field, research design, bias and ethical considerations, interview techniques, participant observation, writing fieldnotes, coding and analysis, and writing. This class is designed to prepare students for a field experience, therefore the course requires students to formulate and carry out a project in the local setting as the primary focus of learning.

ANTH 60805
GLOBES: Global Change and Civilization
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Elective

All human populations, from the simplest to the most complex, interact with their natural environment. Humans alter the environment, and are in turn altered by it through biological or cultural adaptations. Global environmental changes helped to create and shape our species and modern industrial societies are capable of altering the environment on scales that have never been seen before, creating many questions about the future of human-environmental coexistence. This course explores the ways that humans are altering the global environment and the ways that global environmental changes alter humans in return. Four major topics are examined: global climate change, alterations of global nutrient cycles, biodiversity and habitat loss, and ecosystem reconstruction. Students will complete the course with an understanding of the metrics and physical science associated with each type of change, their ecological implications, and the ways in which environmental changes continually reshape human biology and culture.This course is for graduate students and upper-division undergraduates. This course meets a core requirement for GLOBES students.

ANTH 60890
Archaeology of Death
Elective
Department Approval Required
- Graduate Students Only
Our species is unique because it is the only species that deliberately buries its dead. Mortuary analysis (the study of burial patterns) is a powerful approach that archaeologists use for the study of prehistoric social organization and ideology. This course explores the significance of prehistoric human mortuary behavior, from the first evidence of deliberate burial by Neanderthals as an indicator of the evolution of symbolic thought, to the analysis of the sometimes spectacular burial patterns found in complex societies such as ancient Egypt and Megalithic Europe. We will also examine the theoretical and practical aspects of the archaeology of death, including the applications of various techniques ranging from statistics to ethnography, and the legal and ethical issues associated with the excavation and scientific study of human remains.

ANTH 63100
Human Osteology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This is a lab-intensive course that explores the methods used in physical anthropology for studying individual human skeletal remains, as well as those employed to establish biocultural connections at the population level. Forensic techniques utilized in individual identification will be developed in the first third of the course.

ANTH 63101
Bioarchaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Bioarchaeology is the study of human skeletal remains for reconstructing the biology and cultures of past peoples. We will use the three large ancient Near Eastern collections housed in the Anthropology department to explore theoretical and methodological issues related to: paleopathology (violence, infection, & nutrition indicators in particular), population mobility (migration & pilgrimage), subsistence (chemical analysis of diet & weaning), paleodemography, childhood health and adaptability, mortuary analysis, daily activities (musculo-skeletal indicators), bimolecular genetics, and ethical issues faced when working with human remains. We will explore the archaeological and/or historical records associated with each collection as well, for an holistic understanding of ancient life at these sites. This will be a very hand-on class requiring active participation.

ANTH 63108
We Were Never Alone: Navigating the Multispecies Interface
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course seeks to deeply absorb the literature on the human-other animal entanglements with a diverse theoretical and disciplinary toolkit. Perusing scientific, literary, historical, philosophical and other engagements with the multispecies-ness of the human experience will take center stage via readings, seminars, lectures by scholars, group discussions, and term projects.

ANTH 63200
The Social Species: The Anthropology and Archaeology of Interaction
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Human beings are distinguished in the animal kingdom by the degree to which we are embedded in wide-ranging networks of interaction. Anthropologists and archaeologists have long been interested in reconstructing the evolutionary causes of the human social talent, and the nature and structure of these connections in the past and present. This course will review current understanding of the evolutionary causes and consequences of human social networks beginning with our earliest ancestors, and reviewing archaeological and anthropological methods used to study them, including social network analysis (SNA). Network analysis is a powerful set of tools and theories drawn from across the social and physical sciences that can be used to study and model relational data. The course will review both the basics of network analysis as a tool, but also what we know of the structure of human social networks from classic sociological and anthropological studies, and discuss how network approaches can be used to study and model interaction and social structure in the past (or present). No prior mathematical or statistical training is needed to take this course.

ANTH 63201
Nasty, Brutish, and Short: The Archaeology of War
Elective
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Organized violence between human communities is one of the unfortunate realities of human existence, and its causes and consequences have consequently been of great interest. Is war an inevitable outcome of human nature, or the result of specific social, historical, and environmental circumstances? Archaeology is uniquely positioned to provide concrete insights into the history of human violence through study of its direct material correlates?traumatic injuries on skeletons, fortified settlements, weaponry, and iconography. However, the archaeological record also documents the impacts of violence?reduced nutritional status and health, evidence for enslavement, cannibalism, and population decline?and can provide insights into why war occurred through examination of environment, population, and social conditions. In this course, we will explore what the archaeological record tells us about violence, human nature, and the veracity of claims for either a more violent or more peaceful past. We will examine theoretical models of war, anthropological studies of conflict, and archaeological case studies of both violent and peaceful times to understand the role that organized violence has played in human history and evolution.

ANTH 63202
Gender and Archaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course, students will explore the potential for studying and reconstructing a prehistory of people through archaeology. We will consider the historical and theoretical foundations of creating an engendered past, the methodological and practical aspects of "doing" engendered archaeology, and the intersection between political feminism, archaeological knowledge production, and the politics of an engendered archaeology. Topics for consideration include feminist perspectives on science, anthropology, and archaeology; concepts of gender in prehistory and the present; women's and men's relations to craft production, state formation, and space; and the complex relationship between feminism, archaeology, and the politics of women and men in archaeology and the archaeological past. Under the broad theoretical, political and historical umbrella of feminism, archaeologists today are negotiating their own paths toward an engendered past from multiple directions, and this course will explore the diversity of these approaches toward creating a prehistory of people.

ANTH 63203
Historical Archaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course examines the methodological and theoretical foundations for the archaeology of European colonization and the post-colonial material world. Course materials focus on material life and the diversity of sociocultural experiences in North America since 1492. The class examines how historical archaeologists have interpreted life in the world of global capitalism and colonization over the last half millennium and how archaeological insights can be used to understand and critique our own world. The distinctive analytical techniques of historical archaeology will be studied, including documentary research, artifact analysis methods, and field excavation techniques. The course will probe the interdisciplinary nature of historical archaeology, assess the social significance of archaeological knowledge, and scrutinize cultural, class, and gendered influences on archaeological interpretation.

ANTH 63204
Visual Anthropology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Visual Anthropology provides a powerful and engaging means of sharing historical and anthropological stories.  This new course is based on the assumption that people think in terms of images, movement, sound, and that film can be used to create powerful and important human narratives.  This class is designed to train students in how to research, design, manage, and complete short documentary film projects using accessible affordible equipment such as IPhones and GoPros.  As a graduate/undergraduate elective class for up to 16 students, this course is thematically focuses on understanding and documenting the historical, social, economic and personal stories centered on 19th through 20th century Indiana local barns, and placing these in a meaningful cultural and historical context. 

As part of this class student will work in groups of two to research an individual farmstead, focusing on the barn as a material setting (for a class total of eight historical barns and homesteads), documenting the past through the integration of historical research, oral history, and film.  Students will develop a 2 min video for inclusion in a video book that touches on local history, a longer 8 min video that explores the life, history, and historical and social context of the barn, the families that lived there, and a short written work that summarizes the research.  It is anticipated that this class will be taught three times and that the resulting short films will become part of a larger film book and the longer videos will be shown to Notre Dame audiences each term.  Thus, the students will be both developing an individual series of projects but will also be participating in the broader collaborative mission of developing visual history.  This approach, as well as the importance role of linking Anthropology with film making within a university environment, is highlighted by the success of the Advanced Laboratory for Visual Anthropology, California State University, Chico, and several other North American and European programs (http://www.csuchico.edu/alva/about.shtml).

ANTH 63205
Archaeology of Ireland

Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course examines the cultural and historical trajectory of the archaeology of Ireland through a series of richly illustrated lectures, organized chronologically, that trace cultural, social, and technological developments from the Neolithic through the Viking period. Integrated with this lecture series, and running concurrently on alternate days, will be a series of seminar and discussion classes focused upon a number of anthropological and archaeological issues related to each of these periods of time. This includes the emergence of the unique systems of communities, and the development of systems of metallurgy in the Iron Age. Other classes will touch upon the topics of regionalism, identity and contact at different periods of time; mortuary practices and ritual; and discussion of village life in ring forts during the Bronze Age.

ANTH 63206
Tales of the South Pacific
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
The Pacific Ocean, an expanse of 162 million square kilometers, covers nearly 32% of the Earth's surface, and is the site of an island world of diverse ecosystems, languages, and cultures. While humans first settled the western edge of this vast ocean about 55,000 years ago, much of the Pacific had been settled for less than a millennium at the time of first historical documentation, marking the most recent expansions of our species into new territory. The peoples of the Pacific and their cultures have provided important anthropological and archaeological studies of a range of institutions including kinship, economy, language, religion, warfare, and adaptation to diverse and sometimes fragile ecosystems. At the same time, the people of the Pacific have often been stereotyped on the one hand as warlike, superstitious, and isolated, and on the other as noble savages corrupted by the modern world. Using case studies drawn form across the Pacific Islands, the course will address broad topics such as gender, warfare, sustainability, and social structure. This course will explore the realities of life in a unique island environment and the lessons that can be learned form studying its people about what it means to be human.

ANTH 63208
Global Visual Culture
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Visual anthropology involves the cross-cultural study of images in communication and the use of images as a method for doing anthropology. This course proceeds through a non-linear integration of visual themes including water, earth, light, fire, flesh and blood with analytical themes including aesthetics, poetics, violence, history, materiality and subjectivity. We explore still photography, film, and popular media in domains from ethnography, social documentary, war photojournalism, to high art. Students watch, read and write about, and generate visual products of their own in multiple media.

ANTH 63210
Anthropology of Everyday Life
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Have you ever pondered how people live(d) in a world without television, YouTube, iPhones, Lady GaGa, and cellphones? Why have bellbottoms come and gone twice in the last 50 years? Will we be forced to relive the fashion mistakes of the 1980s? What new stuff will people invent and sell next? In asking and answering these questions, we must focus on one underlying query: What does our stuff really say about who we are and who we want to be? This course combines lectures, discussions, and interactive small group activities to explore the nature and breadth of peoples' relationships with their things. We will investigate why and how people make and use different types of objects, and how the use of these material goods resonates with peoples' identities in the deep past, recent history, and today. Since everyone in the class will already be an expert user and consumer of things, we will consider how people today use material objects to assert, remake, reclaim, and create identities, and compare today's practices to those of people who lived long ago. Class members will learn about how anthropologists, including ethnographers (studying people today) and archaeologists (studying past peoples) think about and approach the material nature of our social, economic, and political lives. We will discuss why styles and technologies change through time, and why, in the end, there is very little new under the sun in terms of human behaviors and the way people produce and consume goods. The topical breadth of this workshop encompasses most social science disciplines, including history, economics, psychology, and anthropology, and resonates with classics, art history, and gender studies.

ANTH 63257
Lithic Technology
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Prehistoric stone tools represent the oldest form of human technology. Much of human prehistory worldwide and throughout ancient times is decipherable primarily through stone tools. Experimental replication of stone technologies is viewed as an essential method to understanding past technologies. Organized as a series of practical laboratory exercises, in this class we deal with a broad survey of the fundamental concepts of stone tool technology, including mechanical properties of tool stone, stone heat treatment, prehistoric quarrying and mining strategies and elementary concepts of flaking stone. Students gain familiarity with these topics in a laboratory context by participating in flint knapping practice and working intensively with several archaeological collections. In addition to the laboratory exercises, students will present the results of a team project based on hands-on manufacture of tools, or analysis of materials from archaeological collections.

ANTH 63302
Anthropology of War & Peace
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This class will explore the human capacity for war and for peace. The course will explore the many forms of war, from tribal conflicts through guerrilla warfare to conventional and nuclear war. It will also study societies without war, the place of war and peace in human society, whether violence is inherent in human nature or learned, and what the future of war and peace is likely to be on our planet.

ANTH 63303
Identity, Pluralism, and Democracy
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Why are identities important in a world of connections? How do different societies deal with cultural, linguistic, religious, gendered, and physical “diversity”? What are the differences between multiculturalism, relativism, and pluralism? What can we add, as anthropologists, to discussion on identity, democracy, and social justice? The course addresses such questions by focusing on relevant issues including genital modification, current events in the US, Muslim-Christian relationships, urban conflict and coexistence in Bosnia, and the recent London riots and Arab Uprising.

ANTH 63304
Race, Experience, and Politics
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course challenges students to think about the relationship between the experience of race and politics. Historically, scholars have variously theorized race and racism, so we first consider the socio-cultural contexts of such intellectual engagements. Secondly, we examine the many ways in which race can be experienced: from everyday life, to education, and to popular culture (e.g., film, dance, music, and sports). Finally, we explore the politicization of race in various liberal democratic states. Throughout the semester, students must critically engage the junctures and disjunctures between racial experience and political thought. Although considerable weight will be given to ethnographic sources, this course is interdisciplinary and will draw from disciplines across the social sciences and humanities.

ANTH 63307
The Culture of Medicine
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Biomedicine is increasingly polarized by the lay public, with arguments ranging from disillusionment with its practice to an extolling of its abilities to solve social and medical problems. Debates have been waged over the perceived greed, avarice, and abuses of medical power, the efficacy of medical training, and how physician burnout and stress result in poor patient treatment. Yet these concerns are tempered by calls to action where medicine is not only seen as a social good and human right, but where doctors are the keys to social transformation through technological and care-giving innovation. How does such a paradox exist within a system of healing? Why is biomedicine so fraught with these opposing views? How did this system arise, and how does it become a culture of its own?with its own language, belief system, rituals, and ethos? This course will address some of the questions about medical ethos and practice across space and through time. It is open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Students who were in CSEM (How Doctors Think) cannot take this course.

ANTH 63308
Trade and Globalization: From 100000 BC to the Present
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
The idea of globalization as a recent phenomenon is firmly grounded in the popular conscious. In the minds of most people, globalization and the accompanying processes of global commerce and trade are seen either as the solutions to the world's problems or the causes thereof. In this course, we will address the problems with these ideas as we explore the history of long-distance human interactions going back into the early history of Homo sapiens from the emergence from Africa ca. 100,000 BC to the present. Topics covered will include human migrations, trade, exchange, and other interactions from our Paleolithic ancestors to the rise of settled cultures and complex societies in both the Old and New Worlds. Particular focus will be placed on the role of long-distance exchange, trade, and commerce on human activities as ideas, goods, and peoples moved across deserts, mountains, and oceans. In-class discussions will be based on readings from anthropology, archaeology, history, economics, business studies, and political science, as well as documentaries and film to address issues of similarity and difference between past and contemporary globalization processes. The objective of the course is to understand globalization and trade as universal yet varying forces in human social and cultural evolution.

ANTH 63309
Global Crime and Corruption
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
As the world of the 21st century globalizes, so too does crime. Millions of people and trillions of dollars circulate in illicit economies worldwide. This represents power blocks larger and more powerful than many of the world's countries. This class will look at what constitutes the illegal today, who is engaged in crime and corruption, and what kinds of economic, political and social powers they wield. It will also look at the societies and cultures of "outlaws." For example, internationalization has influenced crime in much the same ways that it has multinationals and nongovernmental organizations: criminal networks now span continents, forge trade agreements and hone foreign policies with other criminal organizations, and set up sophisticated systems of information, exchange, and control. Anthropology - with its studies of cultures - provides a dynamic approach to the illegal: what customs inform law abiders and criminals, what values guide their actions, what behaviors shape their worlds? The course will explore the many kinds and levels of criminality and corruption: how do we consider the differences (or similarities) among, for example, drug and arms smugglers, white collar corruption, gem runners or modern day slavers, and governmental or multinational corporate crime? What impact does each have on our world and in our lives? What solutions exist? Class is interactive in nature, and in addition to the normal reading and writing, students will do an anthropological class project on a topic of their choice concerning global crime and corruption.

ANTH 63310
Advanced Human Ethology
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This class provides the opportunity to discuss materials and topics from prior anthropology courses and will culminate with each student choosing a research topic and presenting it in the form of a Powerpoint to the class. A second requirement in addition to weekly readings, discussion and or reviews of many articles read previously will be the completion of a significant observational study of some aspect of human behavior covered by class material. The topics to be investigated include but are not limited to the evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human aggression, sleep, laughter, grief, sex differences in behavior, institutional sports, play, parenting, infant care practices, or communication (especially non-verbal).

ANTH 63312
Anthropology of Reproduction
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

In this course we will examine a variety of issues related to reproduction. We will concentrate on anthropological studies related primarily to reproductive health throughout the life cycle, such as sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth, midwifery, reproductive freedom, and the politics of the nation-state as they affect women's (and men's) reproductive lives. We will use ethnographic readings and examples from around the world to illustrate our discussions and gain an understanding of the complex intertwining of local and global politics regarding reproductive experiences and choices. An integral part of the course will be an ethnographic research project wherein you will apply anthropological theories and methods.

ANTH 63313
Anthropology of Childhood & Education

Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Concepts of human growth vary extraordinarily across time and space. When children become full-fledged persons, when they can reason, when or whether they should be independent from their parents, and how all this happens are variable and illuminating. Education - either formal or informal - reflects and also constitutes a society's view of childhood. This course provides a selective cross-cultural survey of childhood and education, looking at stages from pregnancy and infancy to late adolescence. Students will devise and conduct projects of their own.

ANTH 63314
Immigration in Global Perspective
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

How do people in immigrant-receiving countries shape their attitudes toward immigrants? What are the differences between refugees and other migrants? How is immigration related to urban "immigrant riots?" And what can anthropological studies of borders and national policies tell us about the transnational world in which we live? We will examine these and related questions, and more generally the causes, lived experiences, and consequences of migration. We will acquire a sound understanding of migration in its social, political, legal, and cultural facets. Fieldwork accounts from countries of origin and from the U.S., Europe, Australia, and Japan will enable us to appreciate both global and U.S. distinctive trends. Rather than merely learning a collection of facts about immigrants, we will address how migration intersects with gender and class, the mass media, border enforcement, racism, the economy, territory and identity formation, and religion.

ANTH 63315
Animal Encounters
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
How do animals relate to non-human animals across cultures? Does culture make a difference in how humans relate to animals and the natural world? What are the roles that animals play in different societies - as food, as religious figures, as companions, as kin, as laborers? From its origins as a discipline, anthropology has examined human-animal relations in a variety of social and geographic settings. This course will review some of the classic examples of cross-cultural relations with animals, and bring these examples into conversation with current debates about race and classification, animal ethics, biotechnology, and food politics. Students will engage with texts, films,and other media from anthropology as well as philosophy, history, and feminist science studies. We will approach these materials from an anthropological perspective that focuses on how our diverse and dynamic expressions of identity and culture shape, and are shaped by, how we engage with other species - whether as beings to think with, live with, love, kill, and/or consume..

ANTH 63316
Ballads to Hip-Hop
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Together with the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean have been among the most influential exporters of music globally since the early 20th century. This course traces these processes of musical production and consumption. Students will be introduced to important historical and stylistic musical developments as we survey various styles and genres with attention to their cultural significance - including the corrido (Mexican ballad), Caribbean-derived salsa, and cumbia, among others. Our approach, such that we are dealing with music-cultures, is at once anthropological and ethnomusicological. In order we achieve our aims, the course is organized along two axes: one chronological (so to speak), the other conceptual, neither complete. The chronological portion will allow us to survey various genres and ensembles of musical production. We dovetail this effort with a focus on important themes and concepts that aid in understanding the present and historical conditions of the terrain where performance, identity, race-ethnicity, gender, transnationalism, and commoditized publics intersect.

ANTH 63375
Anthropology of Poverty
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

What is poverty? What does it mean to be poor, destitute and powerless? Does poverty in the developed world refer to the same conditions and factors that determine poverty in developing and undeveloped countries? What does genteel poverty mean? Does the ability to possess material goods and to consume indicate lack of poverty? What is the cycle of poverty? Can one break out of it? This course will address these and other questions on poverty through anthropological analysis. The course is divided into two parts: a) poverty in the pre-industrial era, and b) poverty in contemporary societies. Topics covered in the first part include the beginnings of poverty and social inequality in the earliest complex urban societies of the Middle East, Africa and South Asia, urbanism, production, distribution and poverty in various time periods including classical Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era, and slavery, colonialism and poverty. The second part will address issues such as the relationship between industrialism, colonialism and poverty in 19th and 20th centuries, instituted poverty in post-colonial and post-industrial societies, and global manifestations of poverty in the 21st century. The course materials include readings from anthropology (archaeology, cultural anthropology, and biological anthropology), history, economics, theology, political science, as well as documentaries and films.


ANTH 63402
Doing Things with Words
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course looks at some of the ways humans do things with words. Topics include religious language; silence; politeness and sincerity; truth, deception, lying, and cheating; linguistic variety, identity, and stereotypes; moral evaluations made of language; and language used for power and solidarity.

ANTH 63403
Global Indigenous Politics
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Indigenous people often appear to be people without property. Whether it is outside observers who presume that they never had a "proper" economy of individual possessions, or whether it is indigenous representatives who define themselves as having lost their property-- their land, their traditions, their languages-- what and who is indigenous is defined by an absence. In contemporary contexts of globalization, however, indigenous traditional knowledge as intellectual property has become a lightning rod of political action. There has been a corresponding redefinition of the indigenous from the criterion of autochthony or priority to relations of dispossession or knowledge about, property and its place in the construction of individuals and collectivities in indigenous societies. This course connects cultural categories of property with ethnographic scenes of its alientation to explore the emerging role of culture as emblem, itself a kind of property. We ask how indigenous appropriation of the culture concept and colonial appropriation of the environment knowledge, art, language, and land of indigenous cultures furthers the cycle of symbolic and material exchange that defines indigeneity.

ANTH 63404
Person, Self, Body, Mind
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

In this course we plunge into the intersection of the subjective, social, and biological as we inquire into anthropological approaches to the nature of our very being. Drawing on insights from psychological, cultural, linguistic, and biological anthropology, as well as other relevant fields (and sometimes literary and other sources), we aim to ask researchable questions and generate theoretical contributions. Students should bring a healthy disposition toward intellectual adventure to class.

ANTH 63405
Ethnographic Populism
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

“All ethnography is fiction” contended Edmund Leach, and it is true that ethnography may sometimes demand qualities of imagination in other contexts more typical of literature. While ethnography “at home,” in the work of folklorists especially, was often understood to be a “national science,” documenting and mapping the national culture, ethnographers were not alone in creating representations of the nation. The work of many writers was in part informed by their ethnographic engagement (Ibsen and Yeats, for example, both collected folklore), and literature (as Fredric Jameson has intimated) can itself be an “allegory for the nation.” Romanticism was particularly important here, with its esthetic attempts to rescue tradition from the homogenizing and universalizing logic of the Enlightenment and the industrial revolution. Tradition in this way was often ethnicized or nationalized (as Volksgeist), with the corollary that modernity was seen as a mortal threat to ethnic or national specificity. Populist politics typically evoked the nation that would exist only for the traducement of its elites, hence representing the plebs as the real people (as Ernesto Laclau argues). In these terms the work of many writers and folklorists was implicitly or explicitly populist. But ethnography too could be used to identify the obstacles to political unity and integration, both at the national and the imperial level. This indeed is a well-known part of the history of anthropology, but also of folklore studies. If Romantic folklorists wished to record and preserve folklore in the spirit of cultural relativism, “metropolitan” folklorists saw it through a universalistic lens, strongly influenced by the evolutionism of Tylor’s Primitive Culture (1871) for which it was a “survival” from an earlier era. This course will look at the intersection of folklore, literature and nationalist and colonial politics in 18th, 19th and early 20th century cultural history, using critical works from anthropology, folklore studies, history, literary theory and sociology.

ANTH 63406
Food and Culture
Elective
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

All humans eat, but the variations in what, how, and why we eat are dazzling. This course examines the many roles that food played in a variety of cultures. We consider food choices and taboos, religious and symbolic meanings of food, dining and social interactions, obesity and thinness, and the political and industrial issues of fast food and the slow food movement. There will be practical and field studies associated with the course.

ANTH 63500
Research Design in Anthropology
Required
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This course is geared towards understanding, developing, assessing, and applying the necessary skills and tools to undertake advanced research in anthropology. Core areas covered include research project development, design and implementation, connecting theory to practice, institutional review boards (human and animal subjects), ethics, grant writing and evaluating, field and lab work, qualitative vs/and quantitative approaches, and related topics.  In addition to short written assignments and classroom presentations, students will be required to develop a research proposal and a companion grant proposal over the course of the term in dialogue with the topics covered.

ANTH 63501
Anthropological Quantitative Reasoning

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course the instructor and the student(s) will focus on the assessment and analysis of a dataset and produce a substantive result. Methodological attention will be paid to the modes of statistical assessment and the datasets will be examined in both qualitative and quantitative formats. The student(s) and faculty will meet a minimum of 10 times during the term for a total of a minimum of 750 minutes.  Student assessment is based ion demonstration of advancement in the analysis at hand and the production of a research report or paper.

ANTH 63503
Mixed Methods Data Analysis for Integrative Anthropology
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This supervised research experience is designed to guide a student through the steps of combining qualitative and quantitative data into an integrative anthropological analysis. The student will work with an existing data set, with weekly goals and assignments set in conjunction with the faculty mentor. Specific skills developed may include (but are not limited to): coding and quantifying qualitative data, statistical software proficiency, and advanced statistical methods. The final product will be one or more research paper(s) of publishable quality.

ANTH 63592
Migration, Environment, and Change: Legacies of the Southwest

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course introduces students to the diversity of cultures living in the American Southwest from the earliest Paleoindians (11,500 years ago) to European contact, the establishment of Spanish Missions, and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. Most of the course is devoted to learning about the complex cultural developments in the Mimbres Valley, Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, the Rio Grande, and the Phoenix Basin. Class work and discussions will focus on important issues such as the adoption of agriculture, the development of villages, the transformation of ideological beliefs and political organization, the importance of migration, and the impact of warfare using information on environmental relationships, technology, and other aspects of material culture. Students will also learn about descendant populations living in the Southwest today including the Pueblo peoples (e.g., Hopi, Santa Clara, Acoma) and Tohono O'odham.

ANTH 67111
Independent Summer Research
Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Anthropology (ANTH) or Peace Studies (IPAN)

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course is for graduate students receiving a summer stipend and conducting independent research. Registering for this course will ensure proper classification for tax purposes. Only those students both actively engaged in research and receiving a stipend are eligible for this course.

ANTH 68500
Directed Research - Archaeology
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Intensive independent research on a special problem area in archaeology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 68600
Graduate Directed Research in Anthropology

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Intensive independent research on a special problem area in anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 83300
Ritual, Ethics, Ethnography

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Crosslisted from THEO

The aim of this course is to introduce students to fieldwork methodology as this intersects with questions of ritual belonging and ethics. The first third of the course focuses on qualitative research methods (e.g. participant observation and the field interview).  The second third of the course will familiarize students with key models and insights of post-colonial ritual studies, provide examples of the use of these models to understand liturgy and religious belonging, and prepare students to integrate ritual theory into their ethnographic work.  The final third of the course will raise the question of the relationship between the descriptive and the normative as it has arisen in both cultural anthropology and theological ethnography.  Students will be expected both to master key theoretical concepts and to carry out participant observation field research as part of their course requirements.

*Graduate Directed Readings and Research. All are variable credit courses (1-3) unless indicated otherwise. See Class Search on Inside ND for all sections offered for these courses:

66100 Graduate Directed Readings in Biological Anthropology
66110 Graduate Directed Readings in Bioarchaeology
66200 Graduate Directed Readings in Medical Anthropology
66300 Graduate Directed Readings in Sociocultural Anthropology (1-3 credits)
66301 Graduate Directed Readings in Sociocultural Anthropology (1-6 credits)
66400 Graduate Directed Readings in Linguistic Anthropology
66500 Graduate Directed Readings in Archaeology
66700 Graduate Directed Readings in Anthropology
68100 Graduate Directed Research in Biological Anthropology
68110 Graduate Directed Research in Bioarchaeology
68200 Graduate Directed Research in Medical Anthropology
68300 Graduate Directed Research in Sociocultural Anthropology
68400 Graduate Directed Research in Linguistic Anthropology
68500 Graduate Directed Research in Archaeology
68600 Graduate Directed Research in Anthropology