Course Descriptions

ANTH 10109
Introduction to Anthropology
FIRST YEAR STUDENTS ONLY
Elective

An introduction to one of the most exciting of the social sciences. Anthropology helps answer some of the most basic questions about ourselves and others—How and why did humans evolve? How did human culture develop, and why do there appear to be so many differences between cultures? How did human communication come about? Is language understood only in terms of words? How does human language work, and in what ways does it affect our ability to perceive the "real" world? Why are there so many different cultures? Are human behavior and human nature best explained by reference to genes, race, adaptation to environment, or to the symbolic nature of culture itself? Exploring the answers to these questions offers students a fascinating opportunity to learn more about their own as well as other cultures. Regardless of whether the student's major is science, engineering, business or the liberal arts, Anthropology 10109 is an elective of significance to a liberal education.

ANTH 10195
Intro to Anthropology Honors
Must be enrolled in AL/SC Honors
Program
Prerequisites: ALHN 13950
Elective

Human beings may be classified as one species among many in biological terms, although a strict physical determination marks only the starting point for a broad inquiry into what we mean by human nature. Anthropology moves forward from this beginning to explore, in theory and by empirical investigation, the particular forms of cultural expression that characterize the development of human societies and account for their richness and their remarkable variety. This course examines the fundamental elements of this fascinating social science. It addresses the sometimes-controversial evidence related to such questions as evolution and genetics, as well as issues of ecological adaptation and the emergence of complex societies. It looks into language and other symbolic systems as central components of distinctively human behavior. It concentrates with special emphasis on the vast domain of social and cultural life, drawing upon many ethnographic examples from near and far, to illustrate how anthropologists seek to study all dimensions of human experience, from kinship to kingship and from cyborgs to shamans. Seminar format.

ANTH 13181
Social Science—University Seminar --Exploring Anthropology
FIRST YEAR STUDENTS ONLY

Anthropology, the holistic study of humans and their societies and cultures, is the focus of this seminar course. Through discussion and analysis of a variety of anthropology texts, this seminar course aims to develop writing skills among first-year students while exposing them to some central problems and issues within anthropology. Adopting an approach that reflects the four-field character of anthropology, the seminar will encourage students to explore topics such as: (1) anthropology as a way of knowing; (2) anthropology as an encounter with, and effort to explain, human diversity; (3) anthropology as a discipline that uniquely contributes to our understanding of the symbolic dimensions of human behavior and communication; (4) anthropology as a discipline that uniquely contributes to our understanding of human strategies for subsistence and survival; and (5) anthropology as a discipline that uniquely contributes to our understanding of human biological and cultural origins.

(This course satisfies the University social science requirement.)

ANTH 13200
Sustainability and Collapse
Elective
FIRST YEAR STUDENTS ONLY

Humans deeply affect their social and natural worlds. Their impact reverberates across time and space making it difficult to understand the long-term ramifications of our daily decisions and actions. This seminar enhances our understanding of the complex web of relationships between humans, resources, and climate by exploring the concepts of sustainability and collapse from an anthropological perspective. Key questions guiding this exploration include: What do we mean by sustainability? What is it that want to sustain? How can societies be “sustained” when we know societal collapses happen time and again? Through readings, media, debates, and analysis, we will learn how our culture shapes and promotes both sustainability and collapse and assess whether they can be attained or prevent. And, we will all gain a better understanding of our place in the world around us.

ANTH 20105
Introduction to Human Ethology
Elective

Human ethology studies various aspects of human development, not just within our own culture, but also across diverse cultures. This science is most unique because it looks at both evolutionary processes and the behavior of monkeys and apes to more holistically understand contemporary human behavior. For example, using cross-cultural and cross-species data, this course conducts an exploration of the cultural and evolutionary origins of language, non-verbal communication, laughter, sleep, deception, morality, infant behavior, parenting, human aggression, sexual behavior, gender development, and human courtship rituals.

ANTH 20111 Freshman, Sophomores, Juniors, and Honors Students Only
Anthropology of Human Sexuality
Elective

Sexuality is a complex and multi-faceted suite of biological and cultural/behavioral components. It is an important part of the human existence, especially in modern day North American society. This course seeks to examine human sexuality in an anthropological context. We will review sexuality in an evolutionary perspective via a comparison of nonhuman primate sexual behavior and the theoretical constructs surrounding adaptive explanations for human sexuality. The physiology of sex and the development of the reproductive tract will also be covered. The remainder of the course will consist of the evaluation of data sets regarding aspects of human sexual practice, sexual preference, mate choice, gendered sexuality, and related issues of human sexuality.

ANTH 20201 Majors and minors only
Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology
Fundamentals or Elective
This course approaches human evolution from a theoretical point of view that combines both biological and cultural processes into a cohesive bio-cultural model. It begins by tracing the development of modern evolutionary theory and the place of evolutionary studies in anthropology, especially in the sub-field of bioanthropology. These concepts provide the framework for understanding the many lines of evidence that anthropologists use to explore and explain human evolution. These include studies of our primate relatives, through the intricacies of the fossil record, to archaeological evidence for the invention of material culture from the simplest stone tools to the complex cultural world that we live in today. Modern human variation can only be explained as the result of evolutionary forces acting on the complex interplay of biology and culture over millions of years. We continue to be affected by these forces, and this course not only provides information about where we came from, it also provides the scientific backgrounds to help us understand where we might be going as our species continues to evolve.

ANTH 20202 Majors and minors only
Fundamentals of Archaeology
Fundamentals or Elective

This course is an introduction to the methods, goals, and theoretical concepts of archaeology, with a primary focus on anthropological archaeology practiced in the Middle East, North America, and Europe. The field of archaeology is broadly concerned with material culture (at times combined with textual information) that can be employed to generate interpretations about past human societies. The challenge of this social science is to interpret past societies and anthropological behavior using the fragmentary, but nonetheless rich and complex, data base of the archaeological record. Lecture topics will include the methods and goals of archaeological excavation; analytical techniques employed in material studies; and the problems and challenges in the interpretation of past human behavior. Case studies of survey, excavation, and analytical techniques will focus on recent or on-going investigations of archaeological sites in North America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

ANTH 20203 Majors and minors only
Fundamentals of Social and Cultural Anthropology
Fundamentals or Elective

This course introduces students to the field of social-cultural anthropology. Cultural anthropologists are primarily interested in exploring issues of human cultural diversity across cultures and through time. This course will explore key theoretical, topical, and ethical issues of interest to cultural anthroplogists. We will examine diverse ways in which people around the globe have constructed social organizations (such as kinship, and political and economic systems) and cultural identities (such as gender, ethnicity, nationality, race, and class) and we will consider the impact of increasing globalization on such processes. Throughout the course we will consider how different anthropologists go about their work as they engage in research and as they represent others through the writing of ethnographies.

ANTH 20203 Majors and minors only
Fundamentals of Linguistic Anthropology
Fundamentals or Elective

Language is fully embedded in human culture and society. It has both meaning and efficacy; that is, it both means things and does things. Our goal in this course is to become aware of some of the ways language functions in social life, often below the level of awareness of its users. Students will engage in a number of practical exercises that demonstrate some of the more astonishing features of language all around us. Topics include: the nature of language, including language origins, nonverbal communication, and electronic communication; language, culture, and thought (linguistic relativity); speech acts and what we do with words; conversational analysis; language and identity (class, race, gender); and language in the world (multilingualism, language endangerment and revitalization, language and education). 

ANTH 20304
Paleo Parenting
Elective

This course examines the origins, causes, environmental settings and cultural factors within which natural selective forces converged throughout human evolution to create the human infant, one of the most vulnerable, slowest developing, and energetically demanding mammal infants of all. We consider who the caregivers are, and how and why they might "share care" which was needed to keep our highly vulnerable infants and children alive, and to nurture them throughout their exceedingly long childhoods. Specifically, we trace the origins of modern parenting systems from their mammalian base paying especial attention to the transaction between infant care practices themselves and how they relate to, if not depend on, the emergence of other characteristics that define us as human. These include bipedalism, empathy, learning, food sharing, and a "theory of mind". Here we will examine not only the unique roles that mothers and fathers and other important caregivers (allomothers) play but the underlying biology that both inclines that care but also responds to it biologically. We also emphasize the manner in which social values, ideologies, cultural expectations, social roles, and economic pressures assert critical influences on caregiver physiology and behavior.

ANTH 20306 Freshman, Sophomores, or Juniors only
Hacking Life: From Cyber Crime to Human Creativity
Elective

Everything is hacked.  For good and bad, hacking has spread into every aspect of life – life-saving medical technology, social infrastructure, financial systems, biological processes, even personhood… This is both the font of profound creativity and dangerous global insecurity. It is the great equalizer: everyone has access to the technologies; everyone can be a target. And simultaneously it’s disequilibrium: creating new haves and have-nots in politics, economics, and social capital.  Studies show ELSI – ethical, legal, and social implications – are barely understood, with technology outpacing controls in all these areas. Completely new forms of power, criminality, science, society, and self are emerging.  We, the proverbial anyone, are the battlegrounds for power and the source of solutions.

ANTH 20307 Freshman and Sophomores only
Health and Disease in Africa
Elective

When diseases emerge in Africa, the media presents a relentless tide of infection, with AIDS and Ebola, for example, claiming thousands of hapless victims of “backward” thinking about medicine. Western journalists express disbelief that people should suffer and die because they refuse to take appropriate steps to protect themselves, whether it is taking the sick to the hospital, or wearing condoms to avoid contracting HIV. Why are treatable or even preventable diseases claiming so many African lives, and why can’t medical explanations change people’s thinking about health and disease? This question is best tackled by anthropologists, who look beyond the simple medical answers to questions of sickness to examine the social and political frameworks in which people live. This course will introduce students to anthropology through an investigation of how Africans understand and experience illness, and why what appears to be simple medical knowledge is anything but simple when it arrives via untrustworthy politicians and foreigners. We will investigate the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa, examine why polio persists in Nigeria, and delve into the politics of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa. In addition to infectious diseases, we will ask questions about the social experience of disability in Africa, and draw comparisons in all of these investigations with the west.

ANTH 20311
Health & Culture: Introduction to Medical Anthropology
Elective

This introductory course uses anthropological concepts to explore how different social groups experience health, illness, and healing. Our encounters with “traditional” healers, shamans, holistic practitioners, and medical doctors will prompt us to think about health and healing systems – including biomedicine or “Western” medicine – as social institutions, as well as sources of power and authority. Through critical readings, class discussions, and hands-on health practices, we will also consider how transnational flows and historical inequities shape how we know and experience our bodies.

ANTH 20315
Plants, Potions, and Prayers
Elective

What is health? What is illness? How have humans across space and time achieved and managed health? How have plants been used by people to regain health and well-being? What is the role of ritual and prayer? Who is a ritual specialist and what do they do? Does any of this stuff actually work? This course will address these and other questions through the use of grounded, applied, and theoretical anthropology. Through readings, films, discussions, and independent research students will be able to critically understand the complexity surrounding humans’ conceptions of health and the creative ways they cure their ills.

ANTH 20341
Language and Identity in Japan
Elective

Both Western and native folk views of the Japanese language and Japanese society emphasize uniqueness, homogeneity, and adherence to tradition. Aspects of Japanese language such as Honorific Register and Women’s Language, long thought to be exemplary of these traits, have in fact emerged historically through Japan’s engagement with the West and through the production of social difference within Japan. Hybridity, heterogeneity, and change may be labels equally well suited to the modern condition of language in Japanese society. Following this thread, this course takes up the social and historical relation between Japanese speech practices and linguistic forms and the production of Japanese cultural identities and differences. The course explores in its widest scope how modernity is culturally variable, and how anthropology can investigate the role of language structure, practice, and ideology in shaping individual, community, and national identities and subjectivities

ANTH 20404
Topics in Linguistics
Elective
Crosslisted from CSLC

This course is for students to pursue reading and research on special topics in areas of linguistics, applied linguistics, language acquisition, language education, educational technology, multilingualism, writing systems, multiple literacies, and/or society.  This course will feature different topics in the field of linguistics each year. Contact the CSLC for this semester's topic.

ANTH 20701
Latinos in American Society
Elective
Crosslisted from ILS

This course will examine the Latino experience in the United States, including the historical, cultural, and political foundations of Latino life. We will approach these topics comparatively, thus attention will be given to the various experiences of a multiplicity of Latino groups in the United States.

ANTH 20900
Irish-American Tap Dance

Teaches a variety of tap dance skills in the Irish and the American traditions. A recital will take place at the end of the semester. May NOT be used for the anthropology major or minor.

ANTH 23200
Sustainability and Collapse
Elective

Humans deeply affect their social and natural worlds. Their impact reverberates across time and space making it difficult to understand the long-term ramifications of our daily decisions and actions. This seminar enhances our understanding of the complex web of relationships between humans, resources, and climate by exploring the concepts of sustainability and collapse from an anthropological perspective. Key questions guiding this exploration include: What do we mean by sustainability? What is it that want to sustain? How can societies be “sustained” when we know societal collapses happen time and again? Through readings, media, debates, and analysis, we will learn how our culture shapes and promotes both sustainability and collapse and assess whether they can be attained or prevent. And, we will all gain a better understanding of our place in the world around us.

ANTH 23300
Police Cutures
Elective

This course provides an anthropological approach to the dynamic interaction between transnational police practices and the cultural role of police. Since nation-states are routinely defined by their capacity for the legitimate use of force within their borders, police cultures are an evocative lens to examine the interplay of state security and social order. Police and social order are entwined in the cultural contexts of the regions where they historically emerge. In addition to examining US and European police contexts, this course also highlights the region of Southeast Asia, from the Thai and Filipino police forces professionalized by the United States, to the Burmese military governments contemporary transformations, to the ongoing state consolidations in Cambodia. An understanding of local and regional social control is critical to the understanding police cultures whether looking at the history of colonialism through the development of local constabularies or international campaigns against crime, drugs, and terrorism. In this course, we will identify global patterns of police practice, while exploring case studies of local police cultures. Examining these regional police cases will promote a greater understanding of state security, cultural orders, violence, police-based media, and a myriad of other phenomena illuminated through the police concept.

ANTH 30013 
Carribean Diasporas
Elective
Crosslisted from ILS

What is the meaning of identity in a transnational space straddling the United States and the Caribbean? MIgration, settlement and return are central to the historical experiences and the literary and aesthetic expressions of Caribbean societies. This course combines literary and anthropological perspectives to the study of novels and historical and anthropological texts in which themes of migration, immigration and transnationalism play central roles.

ANTH 30015 Majors and Minors only
Folklore and Irish History
Elective
Crosslisted from IRLL

This course will examine notions of history in oral cultures with special reference to Ireland. Who were those who transmitted oral traditions about historical events? Which genres shaped oral historical traditions? In which contexts were these traditions transmitted? What was the nature of the traditions? What was their content? What relationship did they have to the written record, to counter-hegemonic histories and to official histories? To what extent, if any, can they be said to articulate a national perspective? These are some of the questions that will be addressed, and case studies that illuminate special aspects of the subject such as oral traditions of the Vikings, of 1798, of the Famine and of landlords will be discussed in some detail.

ANTH 30019 
Buried History of Ancient City
Elective
Crosslisted from CLAS

This course examines the archaeology of the ancient Greco-Roman city of Butrint (Buthrotum), an Ionian seaport situated uniquely between Greece and Italy. On the basis of current archaeological research sponsored by the University of Notre Dame, the course investigates the development of the city over 3,000 years, covering its origins as a Greek colonial trading post in the 8th century B.C., its founding as a Roman colony under Augustus in the late 1st century B.C., its Byzantine, Venetian, and Ottoman settlements, and its current status as the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country of Albania. Students learn to analyze ancient artifacts and material remains, which range from buildings, inscriptions, coins, and statues to pottery, glass, bones, and seeds. The discussion includes the methods, results, and theory of archaeological research, particularly in the area of field excavation. The ancient city and its material remains are examined in the context of Mediterranean history. Major themes to be explored include ancient urbanism, colonization, acculturation, imperialism, government, the natural environment, architecture, religion, and ethnic identity.

ANTH 30022 
Verbal Arts and Oral Tradition
Elective
Crosslisted from IRLL

This course will examine the practice, practitioners and different genres of the verbal arts: the folktale, legends, epic, proverb, riddle, etc., and will look at the different functions of these genres. It will also look at the research traditions devoted to the study of what has been variously termed folk narrative, oral literature, orature, as well as the verbal arts..

ANTH 30039
The Irish in the World
Elective
Crosslisted from HIST

This class provides an educational and entertaining reconfiguration of the historical spread and culutral importance of the Irish as part of the 21st-century transnational world. Based on comparative perspectives with other emigrations, such as people from 19th century Italy and Germany into the New World, our study of the Irish helps students to understand the human narrative of resettlement, the national and global policies of settlement and resettlement, and the global impact of the spread of the Irish into many areas of the world. Based on lectures, flims and presentations, we explore some fundamental historical questions, such as how are the Irish Famine, emigration, and economic developments of the 18-20th centuries interconnected, and how did the Irish diaspora shape the historical and cultural trajectory of America. We explore a range of themes relevant to other large-scale population migrations, such as the impact of the Irish spread on trans-Atlantic social memory and global economies across time and space.

ANTH 30041 Majors and Minors only
Native American Literature
Elective
Crosslisted from AMST

Native Americans have long been trapped in a betwixt and between state, caught by the forces of past and present, tradition and assimilation, romanticization and caricature. Yet through it all, Native voices have continued to speak of the Indian experience with great power and eloquence. This course will introduce Native American literature as a distinctive contribution to American and world literature. We will examine a wide range of expressive culture from the last century, including novels, poetry, graphic stories, children's literature, film, digital media, autobiographies, performances of oral literature, and music. Through the passion, creativity, and humor of Indian authors, we will learn something of the historical experience of Native men and women, and how they have reacted to massacres and mascots, racism and reservations, poverty and political oppression. Above all, we will try to understand how indigenous authors have used literature to engage crucial issues of race and culture in the United States that continue to influence their lives: identity, self-discovery, the centrality of place, cultural survival, and the healing power of language and spirituality. Class discussions will incorporate literary, historical, and ethnographic perspectives of Native expressive culture and the agency of authors as artists and activists vis-à-vis the wider American literary tradition. Authors include Sherman Alexie, Nicholas Black Elk, Louise Erdrich, D'Arcy McNickle, N. Scott Momaday, Linda Hogan, Winona LaDuke, and Leonard Peltier.

ANTH 30050 Majors and Minors Only
Intro to Classical Archaeology
Elective
Crosslisted from CLAS

The course examines the archaeology of the ancient Mediterranean, primarily of Ancient Greece and Rome, from prehistoric times to Late Antiquity. Students will learn how archaeologists interpret material remains and reconstruct past events. Discussions of stratigraphy, chronology, and material evidence will introduce students to the fundamental principles of archaeology. Archaeological methods and theory will be studied in relation to field excavation and intensive surface survey. Students will assess the architecture of important sites, such as Troy, Mycenae, Athens, Pompeii, and Rome, and will learn how to analyze material artifacts from the Greco-Roman world, including ceramics, coins, glass, inscriptions, paintings, sculpture, and metalwork. The course aims to teach students how to evaluate the material culture of the ancient world on the basis of archaeological research and historical and social context.

ANTH 30108 Majors or Minors Only
Chinese Religious World Today
Elective
Crosslisted from LLEA

This new lecture and discussion course offers students a detailed introduction to the diverse, dynamic and widespread presence of religion in contemporary Chinese life. China is—increasingly—a nation of energetic religious believers. Today there are more than 95 million Christians in Chine, 25 million Muslims, and as many as 500,000,000 practitioners of traditional local rites of sacrifice and worship to deities and spirits (most importantly ancestors). In the last decade plural religious traditions have grown with a speed greater than that of the economic and political reforms. It is within this specific context that students will learn about the impact of greater than that of the economic and political reforms. It is within this specific context that students will learn about the impact of religious ideas, practices, and organizations on social, political and economic phenomena and explore the role of religion in the consolidation of individual, communal, and national identity. Adopting a comparative and interdisciplinary approach, the class will ascertain the impact of ‘various Chinese religious traditions: Catholicism, Christianity, Islam, Daoism, Buddhism, and popular sects, on the internal sociopolitical structure of the Chinese state. As well the course will evaluate religious and their effects on shaping power relations on a regional, national, and local level. The class is discussion based, supplemented by lectures, student presentations, and documentary films. No knowledge of Chinese is required.

ANTH 30110
Confronting Homelessness
Elective
Crosslisted from AMST

The purpose of this course is to examine the conditions of extreme poverty and homelessness within the broader context of American culture and society. In order to confront the nature of these conditions, we will draw upon insights from literature, cultural history, documentary film, creative nonfiction, and ethnography. We'll focus on the degree of permanence and change in our approach to both historical and contemporary forms of the social problem. In addition, the causes of extreme poverty and homelessness will be analyzed, and the various cultural representations that work to organize social perceptions of the situation will be explored. There will be an experiential or community-based learning dimension to the seminar as well. All students are required to make at least 10 weekly visits to the Center for the Homeless in South Bend (30 hours), write documentary accounts of their experience, and complete a final paper.

ANTH 30170
Introduction to Anthropological Genetics
Majors and Minors Only
Elective

In this course, students will explore central questions within biological anthropology from a genetic perspective. The class will cover basic principles of molecular and population genetics. Additionally, students will learn how molecular and population genetics are applied to anthropological issues. Topics to be covered include: human origins, peopling of world, and human genetic diversity and disease.

ANTH 30312 
Folklore, Modernity, and Vernacular Aesthetics
Prerequisites: ANTH 20201 or ANTH 20202 or ANTH 20203, or ANTH 20204
Elective

This course introduces students to a range of "traditional" performance, custom, and material culture from a number of different group/regions within the United States. Central issues include the dynamics of tradition, creativity, and artistic expression, personal and group identity, and making everyday experience meaningful. We will attend to this expressive grammar through the lens of folklore, or the analysis of "tranditional" genres and indicators of cultural expression in ways that reveal the dissonances and meanings behind the social structures and contexts they emerge out of (and often challenge) in order to build theoretical discourses around. We begin first by exploring the scholarly and societal "underpinnings" of folklore as a discipline with particular emphasis on the intellectual energy of the 19th century and then move on to major developments in the discipline in the 20th century. Emphasis will be placed on the continued struggle to define its "object of study" and how such efforts are tethered to the logics of empire, modernity, and theories of race, class, and gender, concentrating on key concepts and genres along the way. Finally, the remainder of the term will be spent exploring some of the ways that folklore is mobilized for expressive, political, and economic ends in our global society.

ANTH 30330
Religion, Myth and Magic
Elective

The study of religious beliefs and practices in tribal and peasant societies emphasizing myths, ritual, symbolism, and magic as ways of explaining man's place in the universe. Concepts of purity and pollution, the sacred and the profane, and types of ritual specialists and their relation to social structure will also be examined.

ANTH 30344
Disaster, Relief, and Development
Elective

Disasters affecting human populations range from natural (droughts, famines, earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, tsunami) to anthropogenic (conflict, instability, civil strife, and warfare) causes. People displaced by these disasters are usually provided help in the form of humanitarian relief focusing on the equitable provisioning of food, shelter, and other basic necessities within a secure and apolitical environment as the people wait for repatriation/resettlement. However, many of these relief efforts usually end up providing these services to displaced peoples long after the original disaster has ended, and often become the catchment sites for those fleeing subsequent disasters. Over time, relief efforts aimed at basic necessities are combined with development efforts as relief organizations strive to sustain large populations of displaced peoples usually in marginal environments. This course will explore the complexities of providing both relief and development to displaced peoples over time, by comparing and contrasting different approaches. Readings and course materials will be drawn from anthropology, sociology, public health, economics, political science, engineering, and psychology.

ANTH 30390
European Cultures and Societies

Elective
This course offers an ethnographically grounded understanding of contemporary European cultures and societies. We start by presenting a brief history of the idea of Europe. Then, we define its geographical focus: where are the boundaries of Europe? Are Israel and Turkey part of Europe? Who gets to decide? Are there European Muslims? We will then read recent works focusing on selected regions and on diverse urban populations. We will explore and discuss socio-cultural facets of European everyday life; trends and challenges in technology, the environment, popular culture, demography, and politics; and the diversity of urban/rural, north/south, and more generally intra-European ways of life. The course will be of interest to students of contemporary global issues, and in particular to students who intend to spend a semester in Europe; are back from the field; or intend to write a related senior thesis.

ANTH 30592
Migration, Environment, and Change: Legacies of the Southwest
Elective

This course introduces students to the diversity of cultures living in the American Southwest from the earliest Paleoindians (11,500 years ago) to European contact, the establishment of Spanish Missions, and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. Most of the course is devoted to learning about the complex cultural developments in the Mimbres Valley, Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, the Rio Grande, and the Phoenix Basin. Class work and discussions will focus on important issues such as the adoption of agriculture, the development of villages, the transformation of ideological beliefs and political organization, the importance of migration, and the impact of warfare using information on environmental relationships, technology, and other aspects of material culture. Students will also learn about descendant populations living in the Southwest today including the Pueblo peoples (e.g., Hopi, Santa Clara, Acoma) and Tohono O'odham.


ANTH 30636
Of Cities and People
Method or Elective
Crosslisted from PSY

This interdisciplinary lecture/seminar course will explore the complex inter-realtions between the built environment, particular location and distance, character and identity of place and their inhabitants. It focuses on the dialectic between inhabitants and their specific location, in particular inhabitants of urban centers and those in the peripheries, as well as the collective memory of communities and the subjective perceptions of individuals or groups within those communities. Students will be required to document, discuss and reflect upon living urban cultures and the re-appropriation of the city and the evolution of their identity and culture by means of poetry, music, dance and other forms of cultural citizenship and urban consciousness. Students will have the opportunity to spend time in the local South Bend and Detroit communities during the semester and in Paris during a fall break study field trip. During these experiences students will be exposed to and immersed in the dialectics between the periphery and center both in terms of the built environment as well as the inhabitants.

ANTH 33101
Evolutionary Medicine and Early Life Origins of Health
Prerequisites: ANTH 20201

Elective
By helping us step back to see humans as primates, mammals, vertebrates, and beyond, evolutionary theory provides a framework for understanding many aspects of our day-to-day lives that shape the health and well-being, including weight gain-diet, psychosocial stress, immune function, sleep patterns, risky behavior, and child development. But, increasing evidence from the exciting field of “developmental origins of health and disease” suggests that our biological and behavioral patterns are far from being determined solely by our genes. Our early life contexts, from before birth, and possibly even the experiences of our parents and grandparents in prior generations influence how our brains and biological systems function, including how genes are expressed, and thus impact our health and behavior. This course will bring these dynamic perspectives together to answer questions regarding why we get sick, how our bodies flexibly respond to the world around us, and the inheritances we receive from our ancestors.

ANTH 33201
Geographic Information Systems
Elective
Crosslisted from AL

This course is aimed to provide a basic understanding of how Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and satellite imagery can be used to visualize and analyze environmental data. Students will learn basic techniques for analyzing, manipulating and creating geospatial data in both pixel-based (satellite imagery and digital terrain models) and vector based (point, line and polygon representation of spatial data) formats. Students will also learn how acquire high resolution satellite imagery and other GIS data from online data servers.

ANTH 33203
"Charlie Don't Surf" and Other Stories from Southeast Asia
Elective

In Apocalypse Now (1979), a single phrase marks an iconic enemy and creates a chain of associations that separate Western Selves from Eastern Others. The story behind the phrase, “Charlie don’t surf,” is one of many complex narratives characterizing the Southeast Asian region that call for further critical understanding. This course is an anthropological journey through Southeast Asia, a region rich in cultural diversity, linguistic complexity and archaeological significance. Including the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar (Burma), students can explore the ecological, historical, and socio-cultural patterns of this ethnographic region through analyses of its societies and institutions. With a holistic approach to the cultural influences that characterize Southeast Asia, we will chart the region’s indigenous, social, political, economic, artistic and religious formations over time. The course offers a broad overview of the historical factors affecting the region, including the impact of Indian, Islamic, Chinese, and European exchange, colonization, and violence. These transregional influences provide a window from which to view contemporary issues in the cultural politics and economics of Southeast Asia. The course provides an overview of the major cultural features of the region to enable students to gain a better understanding of the current developments within the region and the lives of Southeast Asians. Overall, we will contribute to the development of anthropological ideas about Asia while also providing a means to organize and analyze Asian ethnographic perspectives.

ANTH 33204
Nasty, Brutish, and Short: The Archaeology of War
Elective

Organized violence between human communities is one of the unfortunate realities of human existence, and its causes and consequences have consequently been of great interest. Is war an inevitable outcome of human nature, or the result of specific social, historical, and environmental circumstances? Archaeology is uniquely positioned to provide concrete insights into the history of human violence through study of its direct material correlates—traumatic injuries on skeletons, fortified settlements, weaponry, and iconography. However, the archaeological record also documents the impacts of violence—reduced nutritional status and health, evidence for enslavement, cannibalism, and population decline—and can provide insights into why war occurred through examination of environment, population, and social conditions. In this course, we will explore what the archaeological record tells us about violence, human nature, and the veracity of claims for either a more violent or more peaceful past. We will examine theoretical models of war, anthropological studies of conflict, and archaeological case studies of both violent and peaceful times to understand the role that organized violence has played in human history and evolution.

ANTH 33206
Tales of the South Pacific
Elective

The Pacific Ocean, an expanse of 162 million square kilometers, covers nearly 32% of the Earth's surface, and is the site of an island world of diverse ecosystems, languages, and cultures. While humans first settled the western edge of this vast ocean about 55,000 years ago, much of the Pacific had been settled for less than a millennium at the time of first historical documentation, marking the most recent expansions of our species into new territory. The peoples of the Pacific and their cultures have provided important anthropological and archaeological studies of a range of institutions including kinship, economy, language, religion, warfare, and adaptation to diverse and sometimes fragile ecosystems. At the same time, the people of the Pacific have often been stereotyped on the one hand as warlike, superstitious, and isolated, and on the other as noble savages corrupted by the modern world. Using case studies drawn from across the Pacific Islands, the course will address broad topics such as gender, warfare, sustainability, and social structure. This course will explore the realities of life in a unique island environment and the lessons that can be learned from studying its people about what it means to be human.

ANTH 33301
Contemporary Middle East

Elective
This course provides an advanced survey of the contemporary Middle East from an anthropological perspective. Building upon the geographic, ecological, archaeological, and historical patterns of the region, it concentrates on the social, political, and economic structures along with moral, religious, and artistic expressions characteristic of the wide area with special attention to the ethnographic investigations and analyses from an anthropoligcal perspective. The course seeks to acquaint students with the causes and consequences of several major international crises, notably in Israel/Palestine, the Gulf, and Afghanistan, that have long been implicated, affected, and/or directly involved. Finally, this course is designed to stimulate a continuing intellectual curiosity about the Middle East while promoting informed and critical appreciation of its dynamism and its challenges.

ANTH 33302
Animal Encounters
Elective
How do animals relate to non-human animals across cultures? Does culture make a difference in how humans relate to animals and the natural world? What are the roles that animals play in different societies - as food, as religious figures, as companions, as kin, as laborers? From its origins as a discipline, anthropology has examined human-animal relations in a variety of social and geographic settings. This course will review some of the classic examples of cross-cultural relations with animals, and bring these examples into conversation with current debates about race and classification, animal ethics, biotechnology, and food politics. Students will engage with texts, films,and other media from anthropology as well as philosophy, history, and feminist science studies. We will approach these materials from an anthropological perspective that focuses on how our diverse and dynamic expressions of identity and culture shape, and are shaped by, how we engage with other species - whether as beings to think with, live with, love, kill, and/or consume.

ANTH 33314
Immigration in Global Perspective
Methods or Elective

How do people in immigrant-receiving countries shape their attitudes toward immigrants? What are the differences between refugees and other migrants? How is immigration related to urban "immigrant riots?" And what can anthropological studies of borders and national policies tell us about the transnational world in which we live? We will examine these and related questions, and more generally the causes, lived experiences, and consequences of migration. We will acquire a sound understanding of migration in its social, political, legal, and cultural facets. Fieldwork accounts from countries of origin and from the U.S., Europe, Australia, and Japan will enable us to appreciate both global and U.S. distinctive trends. Rather than merely learning a collection of facts about immigrants, we will address how migration intersects with gender and class, the mass media, border enforcement, racism, the economy, territory and identity formation, and religion.

ANTH 40002
Ethnomusicology for Anthropologists

Elective
Crosslisted from MUS

Ethnomusicology is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of music in various cultures and from a variety of perspectives, including a number of shared methodical tools with anthropology. Traditionally, anthropologists have to a great extent left the music in the cultures they study to the musicologists, but does that have to be the case? Just as many ethnomusicologists were musicians or musicologists by training who learned skills from anthropology, quite a few prominent ethnomusicologists were trained social anthropologists (and indeed in other disciplines) who have been influential in giving the field its current and ever developing shape. In this course we will be looking at a number of ways in which ethnomusicology not only employs but also communicates with other disciplines, most significant among them is anthropology. We will be discussing a number of approaches, intellectual directions, and influential works that have shaped various narratives in the field. While not aiming to be comprehensive, this course should offer a representative sense of what ethnomusicologist do and how ethnomusicology works, in a bid to encourage anthropologists to include music more organically in their own query.

ANTH 40016 Majors Only
Folklore, Literature & Irish National Culture
Elective
Crosslisted from IRLL

The ideological character of the 19th century concept of folklore allowed it to transcend the social category of peasants from whom it was largely recorded. This course will look at the role of folklore in the building of an Irish national culture from the time of the Gaelic Revival. Programmatic texts in Irish and in English by Douglas Hyde, first president of the Gaelic League, and by Séamus Delargy, director of the Irish Folklore Commission, will be discussed. It will also look at a later polemical text of the Gaelic writer Máirtín Ó Cadhain directed at what he perceived as the essentialism of Irish folklorists. No knowledge of the Irish language required.

ANTH 40088
Children, Youth, and Violence
Elective
Crosslisted from IIPS

In this course, we will examine the particular social, cultural, and political positions occupied by children and youth in contexts of violence, and the practices in which they engage to survive. Children have inhabited a position in popular imagination as unmitigated victims of violence as the refugees, the slaves, the kidnapped child soldiers while youth have contrarily been portrayed as the willing perpetrators of violence: its rebels, gang members, and rioters. In this course, we will investigate notions of child and youth autonomy, gendering, socialization, liminality and resistance through case studies ranging from the streets of Pakistan to the juvenile prisons of the US and the rebel camps of Sierra Leone.

ANTH 40102
Musical Migrations
Elective
Prerequisites: ANTH 20203 or ANTH 20204 or ILS 20701

Together with the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean have been among the most influential exporters of music globally since the early 20th century. This course traces these processes of musical production and consumption. Students will be introduced to important historical and stylistic musical developments as we survey various styles and genres with attention to their cultural significance - including the corrido (Mexican ballad), Caribbean-derived salsa, and cumbia, among others. Our approach, such that we are dealing with music-cultures, is at once anthropological and ethnomusicological. In order we achieve our aims, the course is organized along two axes: one chronological (so to speak), the other conceptual, neither complete. The chronological portion will allow us to survey various genres and ensembles of musical production. We dovetail this effort with a focus on important themes and concepts that aid in understanding the present and historical conditions of the terrain where performance, identity, race-ethnicity, gender, transnationalism, and commoditized publics intersect.

ANTH 40120
Evolutionary and Medical Perspectives on Fatherhood and Male Physiology
Elective

Among mammals, invested fathers are incredibly rare, and in most species mothers get no assistance when raising offspring. Thus, to the extent that many human fathers help raise their children, humans are an exceptional species. Yet we know that there is great variation within our own culture and across cultural boundaries in the way that humans cooperate to raise offspring to adulthood. This provides the opportunity to explore many important questions regarding fatherhood and the way humans raise their children from an anthropological perspective: What role did fathers play in helping to propel our species to evolutionary success (there are 6+ billion of us and our hominin relatives are extinct, with Great Apes moving towards extinction)? Or were grandmothers the key to our success, with men being more cads than dads? We know that mothers respond physiologically to pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding, but have evolutionary processes also shaped men's biology to respond to parenthood? How does fatherhood affect men's health? Regardless of whether fathers mattered during human evolution, do they matter now, to the well-being of their children and their partners? Nearly half of all men in this country become fathers before age 45, is fatherhood considered a component of masculinity and manliness? Should it be? These questions and more will be explored through a evolutionary anthropological gaze on the world of fathers, past and present.

ANTH 40313 Juniors, Seniors, and Graduate Students Only
Analytical Methods in Anthropology

This course will provide enrolled students with a grounding in some of the methods of analysis present in the field of anthropology. The focus of the course is on developing skills that students can use to do systematic analysis of anthropological data, including both qualitative and quantitative data. The perspective guiding the course is that anthropology is an empirical, scientific approach for describing social and cultural aspects of human life. The course will explore a range of inductive and deductive approaches and will cover analytic skills that cut across traditions, including theme identification, code definition, pattern recognition, correlation, and testing for significance. Advanced topics covered will include introduction to network analysis, non-parametric and parametric statistics, content analysis, cultural consensus, as well as basic modeling. Specific methods and tools covered are text analysis, descriptive statistics, goodness of fit, ANOVA, correlation, regression, and graph analysis. Students will learn techniques and protocols in data arrangement, visualization, and partitioning that are appropriate for different analytical methods. This course will appeal to both undergraduate students (seniors and some juniors) and graduate students.

ANTH 40383
Cultures of Fear: Horror Film

Method or Elective
This course will examine the construction and application of central themes in the scope of international horror cinema and how they reveal salient aspects of cultural similarities and differences including: gender, sexuality, violence and socio-political climates.

ANTH 40400 Majors only, juniors and seniors only
Perspectives in Anthropological Analysis
Theory
REQUIRED OF ALL ANTHROPOLOGY MAJORS.
Prerequisite: ANTH 30103 or 30104

This course provides an introduction to anthropological theory, including its relation both to other intellectual approaches within the social and natural sciences, and to anthropological practice. The course will be structured around a series of themes or concepts central to anthropological inquiry; we will read both classic and modern theoretical approaches to those themes and will discuss the various strengths and weaknesses of each approach, keeping in mind the contexts within which those approaches were introduced. We will also consider questions of ethnographic methods and ethics. By the end of the course, students should feel comfortable both discussing and applying various theoretical approaches, have a strong grasp on the relationship between theory and practice, and have a sense of the principal debates within the discipline, as well as why those debates tend to remain unresolved.

This is a seminar course, which means that each student should participate actively in discussions. There are no right or wrong answers (although your contributions should be informed by the readings); your opinion and analysis is valuable, both to your grade and to the class as a whole. I will provide an introduction to the major themes under consideration in each class, including the social and political context within which each theory was developed and some biographical background on the relevant theoreticians. The second half of class will consist of student-led discussions of particular texts and ideas. Students will be evaluated on these discussions (both leading and participating in them), as well as on response notes and critical essays.

ANTH 40406
Topography of Ancient Rome
Majors and Minors only
Elective crosslisted from CLAS

The course examines in detail the buildings and monuments of ancient Rome from the Archaic Period to the beginning of Late Antiquity (8th century B.C. to 4th century A.D.). The primary aim of the course is to consider the problems related to the identification, reconstruction, chronology, and scholarly interpretation(s) of Rome's ancient structures. Students will investigate the history of excavations in Rome, analyze ancient literary sources, evaluate ancient art and architecture, and examine epigraphic, numismatic, and other material evidence related to Rome's ancient physical makeup. This close examination of the city of ancient Rome in its historical context also explores how urban organization, civic infrastructure, public monuments, and domestic buildings reflect the social, political, and religious outlook of Roman society.

ANTH 40700
Preparing for Fieldwork
Departmental Approval Required

This course will give students the opportunity to develop a research proposal and prepare for anthropological fieldwork, regardless of subfield. The class will meet for three weeks at the beginning of the semester and two weeks following Spring Break. The first section will focus on developing a research proposal, seeking approval from the Institutional Review Board, and submitting the proposal for funding. The second part will concentrate on logistical preparation for the field and examining fieldwork ethics and expectations. Students should begin the course with a concrete idea for a research project that they develop in consultation with their advisor.

ANTH 40808
GLOBES: Global Linkages of Biology, the Environment, and Society
Elective

The GLOBES (Global Linkages of Biology, the Environment, and Society) series of courses offered each semester reflect various areas of life science relevant to multiple disciplines. Students should expect to have a different topic offered every semester under the GLOBES heading.

ANTH 40811 Majors and Minors only
Molecular Revolution
Elective

Issues involving the use of genetic technology has become commonplace within our lives. Throughout this course, students will explore the various ways that genetic information is used and interpreted by scientists, media, and the public with the primary goal of illustrating different social meanings of scientific data. Topics that will be covered include pre-implantation genetic testing, prenatal genetic testing, personalized genetic medicine, genetics and identity, genetically modified foods, and consumer-driven genetic testing.

ANTH 40890
Archaeology of Death
Elective

Our species is unique because it is the only species that deliberately buries its dead. Mortuary analysis (the study of burial patterns) is a powerful approach that archaeologists use for the study of prehistoric social organization and ideology. This course explores the significance of prehistoric human mortuary behavior, from the first evidence of deliberate burial by Neanderthals as an indicator of the evolution of symbolic thought, to the analysis of the sometimes spectacular burial patterns found in complex societies such as ancient Egypt and Megalithic Europe. We will also examine the theoretical and practical aspects of the archaeology of death, including the applications of various techniques ranging from statistics to ethnography, and the legal and ethical issues associated with the excavation and scientific study of human remains.

ANTH 41201
Collaborative Product Development
Department Approval Required
Elective
Crosslisted from DESN

This cross-disciplinary course will develop and harness useful innovation through an association of expertise from business/marketing, management entrepreneurship, chemistry, engineering, anthropology, graphic design, and industrial design. Collaborating teams of graduate and undergraduate students will engage several product development cycles, beginning with an identification of need or opportunity and concluding with comprehensive proof of concept, tests of function, specified manufacturing processes, and an appropriately resolved, aesthetically pleasing product or system. All collaborative team members will be engaged throughout the research and developmental process. Each participant will share in rotating leadership responsibilities, providing direction within their specific areas of expertise and in the context of a sequential course outline.

ANTH 43100 Seniors and Juniors only
Human Osteology
Methods or Elective
This is a lab-intensive course that explores the methods used in physical anthropology for studying individual human skeletal remains, as well as those employed to establish biocultural connections at the population level. Forensic techniques utilized in individual identification will be developed in the first third of the course.

ANTH 43101
Bioarchaeology
Methods or Elective
Prerequisites: ANTH 20201 or ANTH 20202

Bioarchaeology is the study of human skeletal remains for reconstructing the biology and cultures of past peoples. We will use the three large ancient Near Eastern collections housed in the Anthropology department to explore theoretical and methodological issues related to: paleopathology (violence, infection, & nutrition indicators in particular), population mobility (migration & pilgrimage), subsistence (chemical analysis of diet & weaning), paleodemography, childhood health and adaptability, mortuary analysis, daily activities (musculo-skeletal indicators), bimolecular genetics, and ethical issues faced when working with human remains. We will explore the archaeological and/or historical records associated with each collection as well, for an holistic understanding of ancient life at these sites. This will be a very hand-on class requiring active participation.

ANTH 43110
Bioethics in Anthropology

Elective
Advances made in our understanding of evolution, biology, and medicine have influenced the way that biological anthropologists conduct research. Furthermore, as studied communities become more aware and involved in the research done with them, ethical, legal, and social issues are now more present within an anthropologist’s research agenda. Throughout this seminar, students will explore the challenges surrounding the use of humans as subjects in biological anthropology.

ANTH 43111
Violence and Virtues

Elective
What does it mean to be human? This question is of deep interest to both anthropologists and theologians. How can the human evolutionary record or ancient thinkers and texts inform on questions that people living in the 21st century care about? Can our history tell us anything about modern debates on racism, sexism, and other issues of social justice? How do we begin to think about warfare, bioethics or the future of our species? This class will approach these questions from both an anthropological and theological perspective. We will dive deep into the origins of our species and examine questions such as are we prone to violence, when did social inequalities arise, and what explains modern human variation. We will engage with theological thought on distinctive human nature, and what this tells us about both our current society and how we set goals for living well.  Using modern work from both disciplines, you will learn how to think and reason from different perspectives on key topics and use them to inform your opinions and views on human social organization.

ANTH 43202
Gender and Archaeology
Elective

In this course, students will explore the potential for studying and reconstructing a prehistory of people through archaeology. We will consider the historical and theoretical foundations of creating an engendered past, the methodological and practical aspects of "doing" engendered archaeology, and the intersection between political feminism, archaeological knowledge production, and the politics of an engendered archaeology. Topics for consideration include feminist perspectives on science, anthropology, and archaeology; concepts of gender in prehistory and the present; women's and men's relations to craft production, state formation, and space; and the complex relationship between feminism, archaeology, and the politics of women and men in archaeology and the archaeological past. Under the broad theoretical, political and historical umbrella of feminism, archaeologists today are negotiating their own paths toward an engendered past from multiple directions, and this course will explore the diversity of these approaches toward creating a prehistory of people.

ANTH 43203
Historical Archaeology
Elective

This course examines the methodological and theoretical foundations for the archaeology of European colonization and the post-colonial material world. Course materials focus on material life and the diversity of sociocultural experiences in North America since 1492. The class examines how historical archaeologists have interpreted life in the world of global capitalism and colonization over the last half millennium and how archaeological insights can be used to understand and critique our own world. The distinctive analytical techniques of historical archaeology will be studied, including documentary research, artifact analysis methods, and field excavation techniques. The course will probe the interdisciplinary nature of historical archaeology, assess the social significance of archaeological knowledge, and scrutinize cultural, class, and gendered influences on archaeological interpretation.

ANTH 43204
Visual Anthropology
Elective

Visual Anthropology provides a powerful and engaging means of sharing historical and anthropological stories.  This new course is based on the assumption that people think in terms of images, movement, sound, and that film can be used to create powerful and important human narratives.  This class is designed to train students in how to research, design, manage, and complete short documentary film projects using accessible affordible equipment such as IPhones and GoPros.  As a graduate/undergraduate elective class for up to 16 students, this course is thematically focuses on understanding and documenting the historical, social, economic and personal stories centered on 19th through 20th century Indiana local barns, and placing these in a meaningful cultural and historical context. 

As part of this class student will work in groups of two to research an individual farmstead, focusing on the barn as a material setting (for a class total of eight historical barns and homesteads), documenting the past through the integration of historical research, oral history, and film.  Students will develop a 2 min video for inclusion in a video book that touches on local history, a longer 8 min video that explores the life, history, and historical and social context of the barn, the families that lived there, and a short written work that summarizes the research.  It is anticipated that this class will be taught three times and that the resulting short films will become part of a larger film book and the longer videos will be shown to Notre Dame audiences each term.  Thus, the students will be both developing an individual series of projects but will also be participating in the broader collaborative mission of developing visual history.  This approach, as well as the importance role of linking Anthropology with film making within a university environment, is highlighted by the success of the Advanced Laboratory for Visual Anthropology, California State University, Chico, and several other North American and European programs (http://www.csuchico.edu/alva/about.shtml).

ANTH 43257
Lithic Technology
Elective

Prehistoric stone tools represent the oldest form of human technology. Much of human prehistory worldwide and throughout ancient times is decipherable primarily through stone tools. Experimental replication of stone technologies is viewed as an essential method to understanding past technologies. Organized as a series of practical laboratory exercises, in this class we deal with a broad survey of the fundamental concepts of stone tool technology, including mechanical properties of tool stone, stone heat treatment, prehistoric quarrying and mining strategies and elementary concepts of flaking stone. Students gain familiarity with these topics in a laboratory context by participating in flint knapping practice and working intensively with several archaeological collections. In addition to the laboratory exercises, students will present the results of a team project based on hands-on manufacture of tools, or analysis of materials from archaeological collections.


ANTH 43302 Majors and Minors Only
Anthropology of War & Peace
Method or Elective

This class will explore the human capacity for war and for peace. The course will explore the many forms of war, from tribal conflicts through guerrilla warfare to conventional and nuclear war. It will also study societies without war, the place of war and peace in human society, whether violence is inherent in human nature or learned, and what the future of war and peace is likely to be on our planet.

ANTH 43303
Identity, Pluralism, and Democracy

Method or Elective
Why are identities important in a world of connections? How do different societies deal with cultural, linguistic, religious, gendered, and physical “diversity”? What are the differences between multiculturalism, relativism, and pluralism? What can we add, as anthropologists, to discussion on identity, democracy, and social justice? The course addresses such questions by focusing on relevant issues including genital modification, current events in the US, Muslim-Christian relationships, urban conflict and coexistence in Bosnia, and the recent London riots and Arab Uprising.

ANTH 43304
Race, Experience, and Politics

Elective
This course challenges students to think about the relationship between the experiences of race and politics. Historically, scholars have variously theorized race and racism, so we first consider the socio-cultural contexts of such intellectual engagements. Secondly, we examine the many ways in which race can be experiences: from everyday life, to education, and to popular culture (e.g., film, dance, music, and sports). Finally, we explore the politicization of race in various liberal democratic states. Throughout the semester, students must critically engage the junctures and disjunctures between racial experience and political thought. Although considerable weight will be given to ethnographic sources, this course is interdisciplinary and will draw from disciplines across the social sciences and humanities.

ANTH 43305 Majors and Minors Only
Mexican Immigration: SB Case Study
Method or Elective
Crosslisted from ILS

This course uses experiential learning in the Mexican community of South Bend in order to understand how Mexican migrants conduct their lives across the vast distances separating South Bend and their homeland. The course begins with readings in social science and fiction about transnationalism, Mexican-U.S. migration and the history and sociology of the local community. Next we learn ethical fieldwork methods in preparation for community research. Students working in two-person teams will gather data on local and transnational households and kin networks, gender relations, political involvement, employment, consumption practices, cultural activities and religious life, working through contacts with social service agencies, the Mexican consulate, and Mexican- or Latino-run media, businesses, food stores, and sports leagues. We will document the innovative adaptations of this migrant community, especially the growth of an ethnic enclave of small businesses that both unite Mexicans as an ethnic group and sustain their ties to their homeland. We intend to compile the research in a volume published by Latino Studies to be given to those who shared their lives with us and to entities that are committed to helping them.

ANTH 43306 Juniors and Seniors only
Cultural Difference and Social Change
Elecitve

Research or service in the developing world can generate questions about our own role as "the elite" and "privileged" in contexts where our very presence marks us as "outsiders." In such situations we frequently grapple with balancing our research objectivity with the often-times stark realities we have witnessed and experienced. This course is designed especially for students returning from service projects or study abroad programs in the developing world to help make sense of these experiences. This process will be achieved through additional scholarly research (frequently self-directed) to better understand the sites that the students visited during their overseas projects, orienting them in relation to broader global, regional, and national patterns; the eventual outcome will be the analysis of each student's data that is framed by the larger context. Course readings will cover such topics as world systems theory, globalization, development, NGOs, various understandings of "human rights," applied anthropology, activism, and the relation between cultural relativism and service. Through discussions, readings, presentations, and writing students will develop an analysis based on their overseas experience, and will focus on the site where they worked, a problem that they observed in cross-cultural perspective, and an examination of strategies for redressing this sort of problem. The overall goal of the course will be for students to gain an understanding of how social science analysis might help to understand and confront problems in cross-cultural contexts. Students can only enroll with the permission of the instructor; requires prior field research or study abroad.

ANTH 43307 Juniors and Seniors only
The Culture of Medicine
Elective

Biomedicine is increasingly polarized by the lay public, with arguments ranging from disillusionment with its practice to an extolling of its abilities to solve social and medical problems. Debates have been waged over the perceived greed, avarice, and abuses of medical power, the efficacy of medical training, and how physician burnout and stress result in poor patient treatment. Yet these concerns are tempered by calls to action where medicine is not only seen as a social good and human right, but where doctors are the keys to social transformation through technological and care-giving innovation. How does such a paradox exist within a system of healing? Why is biomedicine so fraught with these opposing views? How did this system arise, and how does it become a culture of its own?with its own language, belief system, rituals, and ethos? This course will address some of the questions about medical ethos and practice across space and through time. It is open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Students who were in CSEM (How Doctors Think) cannot take this course.

ANTH 43308
Trade and Globalization: From 100000 BC to the Present
Methods or Elective

The idea of globalization as a recent phenomenon is firmly grounded in the popular conscious. In the minds of most people, globalization and the accompanying processes of global commerce and trade are seen either as the solutions to the world's problems or the causes thereof. In this course, we will address the problems with these ideas as we explore the history of long-distance human interactions going back into the early history of Homo sapiens from the emergence from Africa ca. 100,000 BC to the present. Topics covered will include human migrations, trade, exchange, and other interactions from our Paleolithic ancestors to the rise of settled cultures and complex societies in both the Old and New Worlds. Particular focus will be placed on the role of long-distance exchange, trade, and commerce on human activities as ideas, goods, and peoples moved across deserts, mountains, and oceans. In-class discussions will be based on readings from anthropology, archaeology, history, economics, business studies, and political science, as well as documentaries and film to address issues of similarity and difference between past and contemporary globalization processes. The objective of the course is to understand globalization and trade as universal yet varying forces in human social and cultural evolution.

ANTH 43309 Majors and Minors only
Global Crime and Corruption
Methods or Elective
Prerequisites: ANTH 20201 or ANTH 20202 or ANTH 20203

As the world of the 21st century globalizes, so too does crime. Millions of people and trillions of dollars circulate in illicit economies worldwide. This represents power blocks larger and more powerful than many of the world's countries. This class will look at what constitutes the illegal today, who is engaged in crime and corruption, and what kinds of economic, political and social powers they wield. It will also look at the societies and cultures of "outlaws." For example, internationalization has influenced crime in much the same ways that it has multinationals and nongovernmental organizations: criminal networks now span continents, forge trade agreements and hone foreign policies with other criminal organizations, and set up sophisticated systems of information, exchange, and control. Anthropology - with its studies of cultures - provides a dynamic approach to the illegal: what customs inform law abiders and criminals, what values guide their actions, what behaviors shape their worlds? The course will explore the many kinds and levels of criminality and corruption: how do we consider the differences (or similarities) among, for example, drug and arms smugglers, white collar corruption, gem runners or modern day slavers, and governmental or multinational corporate crime? What impact does each have on our world and in our lives? What solutions exist? Class is interactive in nature, and in addition to the normal reading and writing, students will do an anthropological class project on a topic of their choice concerning global crime and corruption.

ANTH 43310
Advanced Human Ethology
Methods or Elective
Prerequisites: ANTH 20201 or ANTH 20105

This class is intended for students who completed Human Ethology or Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology, prerequisites for enrollment. It provides the opportunity to discuss the material and topics presented in the lecture course and will culminate with each student choosing a research topic and presenting it in the form of PowerPoint to the class. A second requirement in addition to weekly readings, discussion and or reviews of many articles read previously will be the completion of a significant observational study of some aspect of human behavior covered by class material. The topics to be investigated include but are not limited to the evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human aggression, sleep, laughter, grief, sex differences in behavior, institutional sports, play, parenting, infant care practices, and communication (especially non-verbal). The class fulfills a methods requirement for the anthropology major.

ANTH 43312
Anthropology of Reproduction
Majors and Minors only
Methods or Elective

In this course we will examine a variety of issues related to reproduction. We will concentrate on anthropological studies related primarily to reproductive health throughout the life cycle, such as sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth, midwifery, reproductive freedom, and the politics of the nation-state as they affect women's (and men's) reproductive lives. We will use ethnographic readings and examples from around the world to illustrate our discussions and gain an understanding of the complex intertwining of local and global politics regarding reproductive experiences and choices. An integral part of the course will be an ethnographic research project wherein you will apply anthropological theories and methods.

ANTH 43313
Anthropology of Childhood & Education

Majors and Minors only
Methods or Elective

Concepts of human growth vary extraordinarily across time and space. When children become full-fledged persons, when they can reason, when or whether they should be independent from their parents, and how all this happens are variable and illuminating. Education - either formal or informal - reflects and also constitutes a society's view of childhood. This course provides a selective cross-cultural survey of childhood and education, looking at stages from pregnancy and infancy to late adolescence. Students will devise and conduct projects of their own.

ANTH 43314
Ballads to Hip-Hop
Prerequisites: ANTH 20203 or ANTH 20204 or ANTH 20701 or ILS 20701
Elective

Together with the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean have been among the most influential exporters of music globally since the early 20th century. This course traces these processes of musical production and consumption. Students will be introduced to important historical and stylistic musical developments as we survey various styles and genres with attention to their cultural significance - including the corrido (Mexican ballad), Caribbean-derived salsa, and cumbia, among others. Our approach, such that we are dealing with music-cultures, is at once anthropological and ethnomusicological. In order we achieve our aims, the course is organized along two axes: one chronological (so to speak), the other conceptual, neither complete. The chronological portion will allow us to survey various genres and ensembles of musical production. We dovetail this effort with a focus on important themes and concepts that aid in understanding the present and historical conditions of the terrain where performance, identity, race-ethnicity, gender, transnationalism, and commoditized publics intersect.

ANTH 43375
Anthropology of Poverty

Methods or Elective
What is poverty? What does it mean to be poor, destitute and powerless? Does poverty in the developed world refer to the same conditions and factors that determine poverty in developing and undeveloped countries? What does genteel poverty mean? Does the ability to possess material goods and to consume indicate lack of poverty? What is the cycle of poverty? Can one break out of it? This course will address these and other questions on poverty through anthropological analysis. The course is divided into two parts: a) poverty in the pre-industrial era, and b) poverty in contemporary societies. Topics covered in the first part include the beginnings of poverty and social inequality in the earliest complex urban societies of the Middle East, Africa and South Asia, urbanism, production, distribution and poverty in various time periods including classical Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era, and slavery, colonialism and poverty. The second part will address issues such as the relationship between industrialism, colonialism and poverty in 19th and 20th centuries, instituted poverty in post-colonial and post-industrial societies, and global manifestations of poverty in the 21st century. The course materials include readings from anthropology (archaeology, cultural anthropology, and biological anthropology), history, economics, theology, political science, as well as documentaries and films.

ANTH 43402
Doing Things with Words

Methods or Elective
This course looks at some of the ways humans do things with words. Topics include religious language; silence; politeness and sincerity; truth, deception, lying, and cheating; linguistic variety, identity, and stereotypes; moral evaluations made of language; and language used for power and solidarity.

ANTH 43403
Global Indigenous Politics
: Indigeneity, Property, and Cultural Appropriation
Prerequisites: ANTH 20203 or ANTH 20204

Elective
Indigenous people often appear to be people without property. Whether it is outside observers who presume that they never had a "proper" economy of individual possessions, or whether it is indigenous representatives who define themselves as having lost their property-- their land, their traditions, their languages-- what and who is indigenous is defined by an absence. In contemporary contexts of globalization, however, indigenous traditional knowledge as intellectual property has become a lightning rod of political action. There has been a corresponding redefinition of the indigenous from the criterion of autochthony or priority to relations of dispossession or knowledge about, property and its place in the construction of individuals and collectivities in indigenous societies. This course connects cultural categories of property with ethnographic scenes of its alientation to explore the emerging role of culture as emblem, itself a kind of property. We ask how indigenous appropriation of the culture concept and colonial appropriation of the environment knowledge, art, language, and land of indigenous cultures furthers the cycle of symbolic and material exchange that defines indigeneity.

ANTH 43404
Person, Self, Body, Mind
Methods or Elective
Prerequisites: ANTH 20203

In this course we plunge into the intersection of the subjective, social, and biological as we inquire into anthropological approaches to the nature of our very being. Drawing on insights from psychological, cultural, linguistic, and biological anthropology, as well as other relevant fields (and sometimes literary and other sources), we aim to ask researchable questions and generate theoretical contributions. Students should bring a healthy disposition toward intellectual adventure to class.

ANTH 43405
Ethnographic Populism
Elective

“All ethnography is fiction” contended Edmund Leach, and it is true that ethnography may sometimes demand qualities of imagination in other contexts more typical of literature. While ethnography “at home,” in the work of folklorists especially, was often understood to be a “national science,” documenting and mapping the national culture, ethnographers were not alone in creating representations of the nation. The work of many writers was in part informed by their ethnographic engagement (Ibsen and Yeats, for example, both collected folklore), and literature (as Fredric Jameson has intimated) can itself be an “allegory for the nation.” Romanticism was particularly important here, with its esthetic attempts to rescue tradition from the homogenizing and universalizing logic of the Enlightenment and the industrial revolution. Tradition in this way was often ethnicized or nationalized (as Volksgeist), with the corollary that modernity was seen as a mortal threat to ethnic or national specificity. Populist politics typically evoked the nation that would exist only for the traducement of its elites, hence representing the plebs as the real people (as Ernesto Laclau argues). In these terms the work of many writers and folklorists was implicitly or explicitly populist. But ethnography too could be used to identify the obstacles to political unity and integration, both at the national and the imperial level. This indeed is a well-known part of the history of anthropology, but also of folklore studies. If Romantic folklorists wished to record and preserve folklore in the spirit of cultural relativism, “metropolitan” folklorists saw it through a universalistic lens, strongly influenced by the evolutionism of Tylor’s Primitive Culture (1871) for which it was a “survival” from an earlier era. This course will look at the intersection of folklore, literature and nationalist and colonial politics in 18th, 19th and early 20th century cultural history, using critical works from anthropology, folklore studies, history, literary theory and sociology.

ANTH 43406
Food and Culture
Elective

All humans eat, but the variations in what, how, and why we eat are dazzling. This course examines the many roles that food played in a variety of cultures. We consider food choices and taboos, religious and symbolic meanings of food, dining and social interactions, obesity and thinness, and the political and industrial issues of fast food and the slow food movement. There will be practical and field studies associated with the course.

ANTH 43500
Professional Development in Anthropology

Elective
This course provides a broad approach to technical skills and strategic information for developing a career with anthropology. It focuses on honing tools for careers that are informed by anthropological and ethnographic issues in a variety of institutions and settings. The course is a vehicle from which students can explore professional techniques that augment their career goals and academic interests.

ANTH 43501
Anthropological Quantitative Reasoning

Departmental Approval Required
Elective

In this course the instructor and the student(s) will focus on the assessment and analysis of a dataset and produce a substantive result. Methodological attention will be paid to the modes of statistical assessment and the datasets will be examined in both qualitative and quantitative formats. The student(s) and faculty will meet a minimum of 10 times during the term for a total of a minimum of 750 minutes.  Student assessment is based ion demonstration of advancement in the analysis at hand and the production of a research report or paper.

ANTH 43502
Constructing Research Analysis

Departmental Approval Required
Elective

In this course the instructor and the student(s) will focus on the assessment and analysis of a dataset and produce a substantive result. Methodological attention will be paid to the modes of statistical assessment and the datasets will be examined in both qualitative and quantitative formats. The student(s) and faculty will meet a minimum of 10 times during the term for a total of a minimum of 750 minutes.  Student assessment is based ion demonstration of advancement in the analysis at hand and the production of a research report or paper.

ANTH 46300
Directed Readings in Sociocultural Anthropology

Departmental Approval Required
Elective

Intensive independent readings on a special problem area in sociocultural anthropology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 46400
Directed Readings- Linguistic Anthropology

Departmental Approval Required
Elective

Intensive independent readings on a special problem area in linguistic anthropology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 46700
Directed Readings in Anthropology

Departmental Approval Required
Elective

Intensive independent readings on a special problem area in anthropology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography, write a scholarly paper, or research report.

ANTH 48100
Directed Research in Biological Anthropology
Departmental Approval Required
Elective

Intensive independent research on a special problem area in biological anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 48700
Directed Research in Anthropology
Departmental Approval Required
Elective

Intensive independent research on a special problem area in anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography, write a scholarly paper, or research report.

ANTH 48900
Anthropology Senior Thesis
Departmental Approval Required

This course provides the student with the opportunity for independent study and the development of skills in research and writing. The effort is the student's own, from the choosing of a topic to the conclusion presented in the final paper. A thesis director is chosen to guide the student and provide assistance.

ANTH 56100
Directed Readings in Biological Anthropology
Departmental Approval Required

Intensive independent readings on a special problem area in biological anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.


ANTH 60201
Orientations to Biological Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course will review, engage and analyze major themes, perspectives, and methodologies in biological anthropology and illustrate their connectivity and integration into a broader anthropological approach. The seminar will contain a heavy reading load of historical and current theoretical and practical applications of evolutionary, ecological, physiological, endocrinological, molecular and morphological approaches in the study of humans and other primates, past and present.

ANTH 60202
Orientations to Anthropological Archaeology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of anthropologically-oriented archaeological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline, examining both big picture questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work, and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60203
Orientations to Sociocultural Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of sociocultural anthropological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline and will become conversant with both big questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work. Shared activities and readings across our graduate courses emphasize the integrative nature of our inquiry.

ANTH 60204
Orientations to Linguistic Anthropology
Required

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course orients you to the theory and practice of anthropological inquiry focused on the constitution of subjects through language use. To what ends do social beings engage in communication and what are obligatory properties of its organization? The seminar examines how language and cultural structure and change afford sometimes opposing limitations and possibilities for linguistically mediated life. We explore the dialectic between creative agency and semiotic systems as material fields in the collective fashioning of meaning and difference through speech, ritual, mass media, and verbal art. You are expected to incorporate concepts from the course into your own planned doctoral work and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60313 
Analytical Methods in Anthropology

This course will provide enrolled students with a grounding in some of the methods of analysis present in the field of anthropology. The focus of the course is on developing skills that students can use to do systematic analysis of anthropological data, including both qualitative and quantitative data. The perspective guiding the course is that anthropology is an empirical, scientific approach for describing social and cultural aspects of human life. The course will explore a range of inductive and deductive approaches and will cover analytic skills that cut across traditions, including theme identification, code definition, pattern recognition, correlation, and testing for significance. Advanced topics covered will include introduction to network analysis, non-parametric and parametric statistics, content analysis, cultural consensus, as well as basic modeling. Specific methods and tools covered are text analysis, descriptive statistics, goodness of fit, ANOVA, correlation, regression, and graph analysis. Students will learn techniques and protocols in data arrangement, visualization, and partitioning that are appropriate for different analytical methods. This course will appeal to both undergraduate students (seniors and some juniors) and graduate students.

ANTH 60331
Children, Youth and Violence
Elective
Crosslisted from IIPS

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course, we will examine the particular social, cultural, and political positions occupied by children and youth in contexts of violence, and the practices in which they engage to survive. Children have inhabited a position in popular imagination as unmitigated victims of violence as the refugees, the slaves, the kidnapped child soldiers while youth have contrarily been portrayed as the willing perpetrators of violence: its rebels, gang members, and rioters. In this course, we will investigate notions of child and youth autonomy, gendering, socialization, liminality and resistance through case studies ranging from the streets of Pakistan to the juvenile prisons of the US and the rebel camps of Sierra Leone.

ANTH 60344
Disaster, Relief, and Development
Elective
Department Approval Required
- Graduate Students Only
Disasters affecting human populations range from natural (droughts, famines, earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, tsunami) to anthropogenic (conflict, instability, civil strife, and warfare) causes. People displaced by these disasters are usually provided help in the form of humanitarian relief focusing on the equitable provisioning of food, shelter, and other basic necessities within a secure and apolitical environment as the people wait for repatriation/resettlement. However, many of these relief efforts usually end up providing these services to displaced peoples long after the original disaster has ended, and often become the catchment sites for those fleeing subsequent disasters. Over time, relief efforts aimed at basic necessities are combined with development efforts as relief organizations strive to sustain large populations of displaced peoples usually in marginal environments. This course will explore the complexities of providing both relief and development to displaced peoples over time, by comparing and contrasting different approaches. Readings and course materials will be drawn from anthropology, sociology, public health, economics, political science, engineering, and psychology.

ANTH 60383
Cultures of Fear: Horror Film
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course will examine the construction and application of central themes in the scope of international horror cinema and how they reveal salient aspects of cultural similarities and differences including: gender, sexuality, violence and socio-political climates.

ANTH 60800
Ethnographic Methods for Peace Research
Cross listed  from IIPS

In this course, students will learn to use methods, insights, and techniques of ethnographic fieldwork in order to conduct research in conflict and post-conflict settings. We will investigate topics such as researcher identity and access in the field, research design, bias and ethical considerations, interview techniques, participant observation, writing fieldnotes, coding and analysis, and writing. This class is designed to prepare students for a field experience, therefore the course requires students to formulate and carry out a project in the local setting as the primary focus of learning.

ANTH 60890
Archaeology of Death
Elective
Department Approval Required
- Graduate Students Only
Our species is unique because it is the only species that deliberately buries its dead. Mortuary analysis (the study of burial patterns) is a powerful approach that archaeologists use for the study of prehistoric social organization and ideology. This course explores the significance of prehistoric human mortuary behavior, from the first evidence of deliberate burial by Neanderthals as an indicator of the evolution of symbolic thought, to the analysis of the sometimes spectacular burial patterns found in complex societies such as ancient Egypt and Megalithic Europe. We will also examine the theoretical and practical aspects of the archaeology of death, including the applications of various techniques ranging from statistics to ethnography, and the legal and ethical issues associated with the excavation and scientific study of human remains.

ANTH 63100
Human Osteology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This is a lab-intensive course that explores the methods used in physical anthropology for studying individual human skeletal remains, as well as those employed to establish biocultural connections at the population level. Forensic techniques utilized in individual identification will be developed in the first third of the course.

ANTH 63101
Bioarchaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Bioarchaeology is the study of human skeletal remains for reconstructing the biology and cultures of past peoples. We will use the three large ancient Near Eastern collections housed in the Anthropology department to explore theoretical and methodological issues related to: paleopathology (violence, infection, & nutrition indicators in particular), population mobility (migration & pilgrimage), subsistence (chemical analysis of diet & weaning), paleodemography, childhood health and adaptability, mortuary analysis, daily activities (musculo-skeletal indicators), bimolecular genetics, and ethical issues faced when working with human remains. We will explore the archaeological and/or historical records associated with each collection as well, for an holistic understanding of ancient life at these sites. This will be a very hand-on class requiring active participation.

ANTH 63108
We Were Never Alone: Navigating the Multispecies Interface
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course seeks to deeply absorb the literature on the human-other animal entanglements with a diverse theoretical and disciplinary toolkit. Perusing scientific, literary, historical, philosophical and other engagements with the multispecies-ness of the human experience will take center stage via readings, seminars, lectures by scholars, group discussions, and term projects.

ANTH 63200
The Social Species: The Anthropology and Archaeology of Interaction
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Human beings are distinguished in the animal kingdom by the degree to which we are embedded in wide-ranging networks of interaction. Anthropologists and archaeologists have long been interested in reconstructing the evolutionary causes of the human social talent, and the nature and structure of these connections in the past and present. This course will review current understanding of the evolutionary causes and consequences of human social networks beginning with our earliest ancestors, and reviewing archaeological and anthropological methods used to study them, including social network analysis (SNA). Network analysis is a powerful set of tools and theories drawn from across the social and physical sciences that can be used to study and model relational data. The course will review both the basics of network analysis as a tool, but also what we know of the structure of human social networks from classic sociological and anthropological studies, and discuss how network approaches can be used to study and model interaction and social structure in the past (or present). No prior mathematical or statistical training is needed to take this course.

ANTH 63201
Nasty, Brutish, and Short: The Archaeology of War
Elective
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Organized violence between human communities is one of the unfortunate realities of human existence, and its causes and consequences have consequently been of great interest. Is war an inevitable outcome of human nature, or the result of specific social, historical, and environmental circumstances? Archaeology is uniquely positioned to provide concrete insights into the history of human violence through study of its direct material correlates?traumatic injuries on skeletons, fortified settlements, weaponry, and iconography. However, the archaeological record also documents the impacts of violence?reduced nutritional status and health, evidence for enslavement, cannibalism, and population decline?and can provide insights into why war occurred through examination of environment, population, and social conditions. In this course, we will explore what the archaeological record tells us about violence, human nature, and the veracity of claims for either a more violent or more peaceful past. We will examine theoretical models of war, anthropological studies of conflict, and archaeological case studies of both violent and peaceful times to understand the role that organized violence has played in human history and evolution.

ANTH 63202
Gender and Archaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course, students will explore the potential for studying and reconstructing a prehistory of people through archaeology. We will consider the historical and theoretical foundations of creating an engendered past, the methodological and practical aspects of "doing" engendered archaeology, and the intersection between political feminism, archaeological knowledge production, and the politics of an engendered archaeology. Topics for consideration include feminist perspectives on science, anthropology, and archaeology; concepts of gender in prehistory and the present; women's and men's relations to craft production, state formation, and space; and the complex relationship between feminism, archaeology, and the politics of women and men in archaeology and the archaeological past. Under the broad theoretical, political and historical umbrella of feminism, archaeologists today are negotiating their own paths toward an engendered past from multiple directions, and this course will explore the diversity of these approaches toward creating a prehistory of people.

ANTH 63203
Historical Archaeology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course examines the methodological and theoretical foundations for the archaeology of European colonization and the post-colonial material world. Course materials focus on material life and the diversity of sociocultural experiences in North America since 1492. The class examines how historical archaeologists have interpreted life in the world of global capitalism and colonization over the last half millennium and how archaeological insights can be used to understand and critique our own world. The distinctive analytical techniques of historical archaeology will be studied, including documentary research, artifact analysis methods, and field excavation techniques. The course will probe the interdisciplinary nature of historical archaeology, assess the social significance of archaeological knowledge, and scrutinize cultural, class, and gendered influences on archaeological interpretation.

ANTH 63204
Visual Anthropology
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Visual Anthropology provides a powerful and engaging means of sharing historical and anthropological stories.  This new course is based on the assumption that people think in terms of images, movement, sound, and that film can be used to create powerful and important human narratives.  This class is designed to train students in how to research, design, manage, and complete short documentary film projects using accessible affordible equipment such as IPhones and GoPros.  As a graduate/undergraduate elective class for up to 16 students, this course is thematically focuses on understanding and documenting the historical, social, economic and personal stories centered on 19th through 20th century Indiana local barns, and placing these in a meaningful cultural and historical context. 

As part of this class student will work in groups of two to research an individual farmstead, focusing on the barn as a material setting (for a class total of eight historical barns and homesteads), documenting the past through the integration of historical research, oral history, and film.  Students will develop a 2 min video for inclusion in a video book that touches on local history, a longer 8 min video that explores the life, history, and historical and social context of the barn, the families that lived there, and a short written work that summarizes the research.  It is anticipated that this class will be taught three times and that the resulting short films will become part of a larger film book and the longer videos will be shown to Notre Dame audiences each term.  Thus, the students will be both developing an individual series of projects but will also be participating in the broader collaborative mission of developing visual history.  This approach, as well as the importance role of linking Anthropology with film making within a university environment, is highlighted by the success of the Advanced Laboratory for Visual Anthropology, California State University, Chico, and several other North American and European programs (http://www.csuchico.edu/alva/about.shtml).

ANTH 63206
Tales of the South Pacific
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
The Pacific Ocean, an expanse of 162 million square kilometers, covers nearly 32% of the Earth's surface, and is the site of an island world of diverse ecosystems, languages, and cultures. While humans first settled the western edge of this vast ocean about 55,000 years ago, much of the Pacific had been settled for less than a millennium at the time of first historical documentation, marking the most recent expansions of our species into new territory. The peoples of the Pacific and their cultures have provided important anthropological and archaeological studies of a range of institutions including kinship, economy, language, religion, warfare, and adaptation to diverse and sometimes fragile ecosystems. At the same time, the people of the Pacific have often been stereotyped on the one hand as warlike, superstitious, and isolated, and on the other as noble savages corrupted by the modern world. Using case studies drawn form across the Pacific Islands, the course will address broad topics such as gender, warfare, sustainability, and social structure. This course will explore the realities of life in a unique island environment and the lessons that can be learned form studying its people about what it means to be human.

ANTH 63257
Lithic Technology
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Prehistoric stone tools represent the oldest form of human technology. Much of human prehistory worldwide and throughout ancient times is decipherable primarily through stone tools. Experimental replication of stone technologies is viewed as an essential method to understanding past technologies. Organized as a series of practical laboratory exercises, in this class we deal with a broad survey of the fundamental concepts of stone tool technology, including mechanical properties of tool stone, stone heat treatment, prehistoric quarrying and mining strategies and elementary concepts of flaking stone. Students gain familiarity with these topics in a laboratory context by participating in flint knapping practice and working intensively with several archaeological collections. In addition to the laboratory exercises, students will present the results of a team project based on hands-on manufacture of tools, or analysis of materials from archaeological collections.

ANTH 63302
Anthropology of War & Peace
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This class will explore the human capacity for war and for peace. The course will explore the many forms of war, from tribal conflicts through guerrilla warfare to conventional and nuclear war. It will also study societies without war, the place of war and peace in human society, whether violence is inherent in human nature or learned, and what the future of war and peace is likely to be on our planet.

ANTH 63303
Identity, Pluralism, and Democracy
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Why are identities important in a world of connections? How do different societies deal with cultural, linguistic, religious, gendered, and physical “diversity”? What are the differences between multiculturalism, relativism, and pluralism? What can we add, as anthropologists, to discussion on identity, democracy, and social justice? The course addresses such questions by focusing on relevant issues including genital modification, current events in the US, Muslim-Christian relationships, urban conflict and coexistence in Bosnia, and the recent London riots and Arab Uprising.

ANTH 63304
Race, Experience, and Politics
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course challenges students to think about the relationship between the experience of race and politics. Historically, scholars have variously theorized race and racism, so we first consider the socio-cultural contexts of such intellectual engagements. Secondly, we examine the many ways in which race can be experienced: from everyday life, to education, and to popular culture (e.g., film, dance, music, and sports). Finally, we explore the politicization of race in various liberal democratic states. Throughout the semester, students must critically engage the junctures and disjunctures between racial experience and political thought. Although considerable weight will be given to ethnographic sources, this course is interdisciplinary and will draw from disciplines across the social sciences and humanities.

ANTH 63307
The Culture of Medicine
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Biomedicine is increasingly polarized by the lay public, with arguments ranging from disillusionment with its practice to an extolling of its abilities to solve social and medical problems. Debates have been waged over the perceived greed, avarice, and abuses of medical power, the efficacy of medical training, and how physician burnout and stress result in poor patient treatment. Yet these concerns are tempered by calls to action where medicine is not only seen as a social good and human right, but where doctors are the keys to social transformation through technological and care-giving innovation. How does such a paradox exist within a system of healing? Why is biomedicine so fraught with these opposing views? How did this system arise, and how does it become a culture of its own?with its own language, belief system, rituals, and ethos? This course will address some of the questions about medical ethos and practice across space and through time. It is open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Students who were in CSEM (How Doctors Think) cannot take this course.

ANTH 63308
Trade and Globalization: From 100000 BC to the Present
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
The idea of globalization as a recent phenomenon is firmly grounded in the popular conscious. In the minds of most people, globalization and the accompanying processes of global commerce and trade are seen either as the solutions to the world's problems or the causes thereof. In this course, we will address the problems with these ideas as we explore the history of long-distance human interactions going back into the early history of Homo sapiens from the emergence from Africa ca. 100,000 BC to the present. Topics covered will include human migrations, trade, exchange, and other interactions from our Paleolithic ancestors to the rise of settled cultures and complex societies in both the Old and New Worlds. Particular focus will be placed on the role of long-distance exchange, trade, and commerce on human activities as ideas, goods, and peoples moved across deserts, mountains, and oceans. In-class discussions will be based on readings from anthropology, archaeology, history, economics, business studies, and political science, as well as documentaries and film to address issues of similarity and difference between past and contemporary globalization processes. The objective of the course is to understand globalization and trade as universal yet varying forces in human social and cultural evolution.

ANTH 63309
Global Crime and Corruption
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
As the world of the 21st century globalizes, so too does crime. Millions of people and trillions of dollars circulate in illicit economies worldwide. This represents power blocks larger and more powerful than many of the world's countries. This class will look at what constitutes the illegal today, who is engaged in crime and corruption, and what kinds of economic, political and social powers they wield. It will also look at the societies and cultures of "outlaws." For example, internationalization has influenced crime in much the same ways that it has multinationals and nongovernmental organizations: criminal networks now span continents, forge trade agreements and hone foreign policies with other criminal organizations, and set up sophisticated systems of information, exchange, and control. Anthropology - with its studies of cultures - provides a dynamic approach to the illegal: what customs inform law abiders and criminals, what values guide their actions, what behaviors shape their worlds? The course will explore the many kinds and levels of criminality and corruption: how do we consider the differences (or similarities) among, for example, drug and arms smugglers, white collar corruption, gem runners or modern day slavers, and governmental or multinational corporate crime? What impact does each have on our world and in our lives? What solutions exist? Class is interactive in nature, and in addition to the normal reading and writing, students will do an anthropological class project on a topic of their choice concerning global crime and corruption.

ANTH 63310
Advanced Human Ethology
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This class provides the opportunity to discuss materials and topics from prior anthropology courses and will culminate with each student choosing a research topic and presenting it in the form of a Powerpoint to the class. A second requirement in addition to weekly readings, discussion and or reviews of many articles read previously will be the completion of a significant observational study of some aspect of human behavior covered by class material. The topics to be investigated include but are not limited to the evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human aggression, sleep, laughter, grief, sex differences in behavior, institutional sports, play, parenting, infant care practices, or communication (especially non-verbal).

ANTH 63312
Anthropology of Reproduction
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

In this course we will examine a variety of issues related to reproduction. We will concentrate on anthropological studies related primarily to reproductive health throughout the life cycle, such as sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth, midwifery, reproductive freedom, and the politics of the nation-state as they affect women's (and men's) reproductive lives. We will use ethnographic readings and examples from around the world to illustrate our discussions and gain an understanding of the complex intertwining of local and global politics regarding reproductive experiences and choices. An integral part of the course will be an ethnographic research project wherein you will apply anthropological theories and methods.

ANTH 63313
Anthropology of Childhood & Education

Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Concepts of human growth vary extraordinarily across time and space. When children become full-fledged persons, when they can reason, when or whether they should be independent from their parents, and how all this happens are variable and illuminating. Education - either formal or informal - reflects and also constitutes a society's view of childhood. This course provides a selective cross-cultural survey of childhood and education, looking at stages from pregnancy and infancy to late adolescence. Students will devise and conduct projects of their own.

ANTH 63314
Immigration in Global Perspective
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

How do people in immigrant-receiving countries shape their attitudes toward immigrants? What are the differences between refugees and other migrants? How is immigration related to urban "immigrant riots?" And what can anthropological studies of borders and national policies tell us about the transnational world in which we live? We will examine these and related questions, and more generally the causes, lived experiences, and consequences of migration. We will acquire a sound understanding of migration in its social, political, legal, and cultural facets. Fieldwork accounts from countries of origin and from the U.S., Europe, Australia, and Japan will enable us to appreciate both global and U.S. distinctive trends. Rather than merely learning a collection of facts about immigrants, we will address how migration intersects with gender and class, the mass media, border enforcement, racism, the economy, territory and identity formation, and religion.

ANTH 63315
Animal Encounters
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
How do animals relate to non-human animals across cultures? Does culture make a difference in how humans relate to animals and the natural world? What are the roles that animals play in different societies - as food, as religious figures, as companions, as kin, as laborers? From its origins as a discipline, anthropology has examined human-animal relations in a variety of social and geographic settings. This course will review some of the classic examples of cross-cultural relations with animals, and bring these examples into conversation with current debates about race and classification, animal ethics, biotechnology, and food politics. Students will engage with texts, films,and other media from anthropology as well as philosophy, history, and feminist science studies. We will approach these materials from an anthropological perspective that focuses on how our diverse and dynamic expressions of identity and culture shape, and are shaped by, how we engage with other species - whether as beings to think with, live with, love, kill, and/or consume..

ANTH 63316
Ballads to Hip-Hop
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Together with the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean have been among the most influential exporters of music globally since the early 20th century. This course traces these processes of musical production and consumption. Students will be introduced to important historical and stylistic musical developments as we survey various styles and genres with attention to their cultural significance - including the corrido (Mexican ballad), Caribbean-derived salsa, and cumbia, among others. Our approach, such that we are dealing with music-cultures, is at once anthropological and ethnomusicological. In order we achieve our aims, the course is organized along two axes: one chronological (so to speak), the other conceptual, neither complete. The chronological portion will allow us to survey various genres and ensembles of musical production. We dovetail this effort with a focus on important themes and concepts that aid in understanding the present and historical conditions of the terrain where performance, identity, race-ethnicity, gender, transnationalism, and commoditized publics intersect.


Anthropology of Poverty
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

What is poverty? What does it mean to be poor, destitute and powerless? Does poverty in the developed world refer to the same conditions and factors that determine poverty in developing and undeveloped countries? What does genteel poverty mean? Does the ability to possess material goods and to consume indicate lack of poverty? What is the cycle of poverty? Can one break out of it? This course will address these and other questions on poverty through anthropological analysis. The course is divided into two parts: a) poverty in the pre-industrial era, and b) poverty in contemporary societies. Topics covered in the first part include the beginnings of poverty and social inequality in the earliest complex urban societies of the Middle East, Africa and South Asia, urbanism, production, distribution and poverty in various time periods including classical Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era, and slavery, colonialism and poverty. The second part will address issues such as the relationship between industrialism, colonialism and poverty in 19th and 20th centuries, instituted poverty in post-colonial and post-industrial societies, and global manifestations of poverty in the 21st century. The course materials include readings from anthropology (archaeology, cultural anthropology, and biological anthropology), history, economics, theology, political science, as well as documentaries and films.


ANTH 63402
Doing Things with Words
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course looks at some of the ways humans do things with words. Topics include religious language; silence; politeness and sincerity; truth, deception, lying, and cheating; linguistic variety, identity, and stereotypes; moral evaluations made of language; and language used for power and solidarity.

ANTH 63403
Global Indigenous Politics
Elective

Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Indigenous people often appear to be people without property. Whether it is outside observers who presume that they never had a "proper" economy of individual possessions, or whether it is indigenous representatives who define themselves as having lost their property-- their land, their traditions, their languages-- what and who is indigenous is defined by an absence. In contemporary contexts of globalization, however, indigenous traditional knowledge as intellectual property has become a lightning rod of political action. There has been a corresponding redefinition of the indigenous from the criterion of autochthony or priority to relations of dispossession or knowledge about, property and its place in the construction of individuals and collectivities in indigenous societies. This course connects cultural categories of property with ethnographic scenes of its alientation to explore the emerging role of culture as emblem, itself a kind of property. We ask how indigenous appropriation of the culture concept and colonial appropriation of the environment knowledge, art, language, and land of indigenous cultures furthers the cycle of symbolic and material exchange that defines indigeneity.

ANTH 63404
Person, Self, Body, Mind
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

In this course we plunge into the intersection of the subjective, social, and biological as we inquire into anthropological approaches to the nature of our very being. Drawing on insights from psychological, cultural, linguistic, and biological anthropology, as well as other relevant fields (and sometimes literary and other sources), we aim to ask researchable questions and generate theoretical contributions. Students should bring a healthy disposition toward intellectual adventure to class.

ANTH 63405
Ethnographic Populism
Elective
Department Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

“All ethnography is fiction” contended Edmund Leach, and it is true that ethnography may sometimes demand qualities of imagination in other contexts more typical of literature. While ethnography “at home,” in the work of folklorists especially, was often understood to be a “national science,” documenting and mapping the national culture, ethnographers were not alone in creating representations of the nation. The work of many writers was in part informed by their ethnographic engagement (Ibsen and Yeats, for example, both collected folklore), and literature (as Fredric Jameson has intimated) can itself be an “allegory for the nation.” Romanticism was particularly important here, with its esthetic attempts to rescue tradition from the homogenizing and universalizing logic of the Enlightenment and the industrial revolution. Tradition in this way was often ethnicized or nationalized (as Volksgeist), with the corollary that modernity was seen as a mortal threat to ethnic or national specificity. Populist politics typically evoked the nation that would exist only for the traducement of its elites, hence representing the plebs as the real people (as Ernesto Laclau argues). In these terms the work of many writers and folklorists was implicitly or explicitly populist. But ethnography too could be used to identify the obstacles to political unity and integration, both at the national and the imperial level. This indeed is a well-known part of the history of anthropology, but also of folklore studies. If Romantic folklorists wished to record and preserve folklore in the spirit of cultural relativism, “metropolitan” folklorists saw it through a universalistic lens, strongly influenced by the evolutionism of Tylor’s Primitive Culture (1871) for which it was a “survival” from an earlier era. This course will look at the intersection of folklore, literature and nationalist and colonial politics in 18th, 19th and early 20th century cultural history, using critical works from anthropology, folklore studies, history, literary theory and sociology.

ANTH 63406
Food and Culture
Elective
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

All humans eat, but the variations in what, how, and why we eat are dazzling. This course examines the many roles that food played in a variety of cultures. We consider food choices and taboos, religious and symbolic meanings of food, dining and social interactions, obesity and thinness, and the political and industrial issues of fast food and the slow food movement. There will be practical and field studies associated with the course.

ANTH 63500
Research Design in Anthropology
Required
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This course is geared towards understanding, developing, assessing, and applying the necessary skills and tools to undertake advanced research in anthropology. Core areas covered include research project development, design and implementation, connecting theory to practice, institutional review boards (human and animal subjects), ethics, grant writing and evaluating, field and lab work, qualitative vs/and quantitative approaches, and related topics.  In addition to short written assignments and classroom presentations, students will be required to develop a research proposal and a companion grant proposal over the course of the term in dialogue with the topics covered.

ANTH 63501
Anthropological Quantitative Reasoning

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
In this course the instructor and the student(s) will focus on the assessment and analysis of a dataset and produce a substantive result. Methodological attention will be paid to the modes of statistical assessment and the datasets will be examined in both qualitative and quantitative formats. The student(s) and faculty will meet a minimum of 10 times during the term for a total of a minimum of 750 minutes.  Student assessment is based ion demonstration of advancement in the analysis at hand and the production of a research report or paper.

ANTH 63503
Mixed Methods Data Analysis for Integrative Anthropology
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

This supervised research experience is designed to guide a student through the steps of combining qualitative and quantitative data into an integrative anthropological analysis. The student will work with an existing data set, with weekly goals and assignments set in conjunction with the faculty mentor. Specific skills developed may include (but are not limited to): coding and quantifying qualitative data, statistical software proficiency, and advanced statistical methods. The final product will be one or more research paper(s) of publishable quality.

ANTH 63592
Migration, Environment, and Change: Legacies of the Southwest

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course introduces students to the diversity of cultures living in the American Southwest from the earliest Paleoindians (11,500 years ago) to European contact, the establishment of Spanish Missions, and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. Most of the course is devoted to learning about the complex cultural developments in the Mimbres Valley, Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, the Rio Grande, and the Phoenix Basin. Class work and discussions will focus on important issues such as the adoption of agriculture, the development of villages, the transformation of ideological beliefs and political organization, the importance of migration, and the impact of warfare using information on environmental relationships, technology, and other aspects of material culture. Students will also learn about descendant populations living in the Southwest today including the Pueblo peoples (e.g., Hopi, Santa Clara, Acoma) and Tohono O'odham.

ANTH 67111
Independent Summer Research
Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Anthropology (ANTH) or Peace Studies (IPAN)

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
This course is for graduate students receiving a summer stipend and conducting independent research. Registering for this course will ensure proper classification for tax purposes. Only those students both actively engaged in research and receiving a stipend are eligible for this course.

ANTH 68500
Directed Research - Archaeology
Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only

Intensive independent research on a special problem area in archaeology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 68600
Graduate Directed Research in Anthropology

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Intensive independent research on a special problem area in anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 83300
Ritual, Ethics, Ethnography

Departmental Approval Required- Graduate Students Only
Crosslisted from THEO

The aim of this course is to introduce students to fieldwork methodology as this intersects with questions of ritual belonging and ethics. The first third of the course focuses on qualitative research methods (e.g. participant observation and the field interview).  The second third of the course will familiarize students with key models and insights of post-colonial ritual studies, provide examples of the use of these models to understand liturgy and religious belonging, and prepare students to integrate ritual theory into their ethnographic work.  The final third of the course will raise the question of the relationship between the descriptive and the normative as it has arisen in both cultural anthropology and theological ethnography.  Students will be expected both to master key theoretical concepts and to carry out participant observation field research as part of their course requirements.