All Graduate Course Descriptions

ANTH 60084 Structural Violence
Elective- Department Approval Required
In this course we will examine the "violence of everyday life" experienced by people both inside and outside of active war zones, and investigate how taken-for-granted structures such as bureaucracy, security, nation, color and creed (to name only a few) constrain and damage peoples' lives, causing suffering and stress, and often leading to radicalism and violence. How do physical walls perpetrate and perpetuate violence? Why does resource richness cause poverty and war? What is the lived experience of systematic inequality? When does everyday hopelessness become explosive violence? Students will examine how violence is both culturally mediated and understood, and will learn to recognize the symptoms and anticipate the consequences of oppression, neglect, and resistance around the world.

ANTH 60120 Forensic Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Introduction to Forensic Anthropology provides a broad overview of one of the applied fields of biological anthropology. Forensic anthropologists use knowledge of skeletal anatomy to answer questions of medico-legal significance, and students will gain an understanding of what this requires. This includes the identification of human skeletal remains and the interpretation of the circumstances surrounding their death. While this course does not teach laboratory proficiency in the techniques of forensic anthropology, it outlines the concepts underlying the recovery and analysis of human remains, the determination of the biological profile (including age, sex, ancestry, and stature), and the interpretation of skeletal trauma and pathology. Course material will be presented in lecture format, supplemented by videos, daily in-class discussions, team-based activities and projects, and collaborative student presentations. 

ANTH 60122 Primate Behavior and Ecology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course will give students an understanding of primate social systems and the factors that influence their maintenance and evolution. The course will begin with a brief overview of primate natural history (taxonomy of major primate groups and primate evolution). The remainder of the course will use various primate examples to explore the core topics of primate behavior and ecology, including: diet and nutrition, predation, social structure, kinship, mating behavior, social dominance, and cognition. Students will also have the opportunity to learn some of the basic data collection techniques used when studying non-human primate behavior, and a trip to the zoo will be scheduled so that they can practice these techniques. Throughout the semester, the students will be asked to read several relevant books/articles (primate case-studies) and write reaction papers on their readings.

ANTH 60201 Orientations to Biological Anthropology
PhD Course Requirement- Department Approval Required
This course will review, engage and analyze major themes, perspectives, and methodologies in biological anthropology and illustrate their connectivity and integration into a broader anthropological approach. The seminar will contain a heavy reading load of historical and current theoretical and practical applications of evolutionary, ecological, physiological, endocrinological, molecular and morphological approaches in the study of humans and other primates, past and present.

ANTH 60202 Orientations to Anthropological Archaeology
PhD Course Requirement- Department Approval Required
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of anthropologically-oriented archaeological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline, examining both big picture questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work, and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60203 Orientations to Sociocultural Anthropology
PhD Course Requirement- Department Approval Required
Designed in coordination with the other core areas of anthropology, this course prepares you to situate works you encounter within the sweep of sociocultural anthropological theory and method in the twenty-first century. You will encounter the principal analytic paradigms of the discipline and will become conversant with both big questions and dominant thematic foci of the field. You are further expected to consider how you might incorporate material from the course into your own planned doctoral work. Shared activities and readings across our graduate courses emphasize the integrative nature of our inquiry.

ANTH 60204 Orientations to Linguistic Anthropology
PhD Course Requirement- Department Approval Required
This course orients you to the theory and practice of anthropological inquiry focused on the constitution of subjects through language use. To what ends do social beings engage in communication and what are obligatory properties of its organization? The seminar examines how language and cultural structure and change afford sometimes opposing limitations and possibilities for linguistically mediated life. We explore the dialectic between creative agency and semiotic systems as material fields in the collective fashioning of meaning and difference through speech, ritual, mass media, and verbal art. You are expected to incorporate concepts from the course into your own planned doctoral work and to explore integrative bridges between anthropological subdisciplines.

ANTH 60302 Critical Theory & Expressive Culture
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course is meant to provide a relatively comprehensive introduction to Marxist theory in relation to expressive culture, or the aesthetic in social life. We begin with the writings of Marx and then move historically through various major re-readings of Marxist thought in relation to aesthetic theory. 

ANTH 60303 Charlie Don’t Surf
Elective- Department Approval Required
In Apocalypse Now (1979), a single phrase marks an iconic enemy and creates a chain of associations that separate Western Selves from Eastern Others. The story behind the phrase, "Charlie don't surf," is one of many complex narratives characterizing the Southeast Asian region that call for further critical understanding. This course is an anthropological journey through Southeast Asia, a region rich in cultural diversity, linguistic complexity and archaeological significance. Including the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar (Burma), students can explore the ecological, historical, and socio-cultural patterns of this ethnographic region through analyses of its societies and institutions. With a holistic approach to the cultural influences that characterize Southeast Asia, we will chart the region's indigenous, social, political, economic, artistic and religious formations over time. The course offers a broad overview of the historical factors affecting the region, including the impact of Indian, Islamic, Chinese, and European exchange, colonization, and violence. These transregional influences provide a window from which to view contemporary issues in the cultural politics and economics of Southeast Asia. The course provides an overview of the major cultural features of the region to enable students to gain a better understanding of the current developments within the region and the lives of Southeast Asians. Overall, we will contribute to the development of anthropological ideas about Asia while also providing a means to organize and analyze Asian ethnographic perspectives.

ANTH 60306 Paradoxes of Human Rights
Elective- Department Approval Required
Contemporary human rights activists argue that human beings share a set of fundamental rights. But what happens when the seemingly universal concept of "human rights" is translated across different social, historical, and cultural contexts? In this class, we will look at how claims about human rights take shape as people engage tensions between universal models of the human and the diverse realities of everyday lives. When people advocate for social justice in terms of human rights, what arguments do they make about what it means to be human? What visions of justice do they produce? Such questions are central if we want to understand the potential of human rights projects to build a better world. Drawing on research from scholars in anthropology, history, and political theory, this course explores how human rights take shape within social and historical contexts. 

ANTH 60313  Analytical Methods in Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course will provide enrolled students with a grounding in some of the methods of analysis present in the field of anthropology. The focus of the course is on developing skills that students can use to do systematic analysis of anthropological data, including both qualitative and quantitative data. The perspective guiding the course is that anthropology is an empirical, scientific approach for describing social and cultural aspects of human life. The course will explore a range of inductive and deductive approaches and will cover analytic skills that cut across traditions, including theme identification, code definition, pattern recognition, correlation, and testing for significance. Advanced topics covered will include introduction to network analysis, non-parametric and parametric statistics, content analysis, cultural consensus, as well as basic modeling. Specific methods and tools covered are text analysis, descriptive statistics, goodness of fit, ANOVA, correlation, regression, and graph analysis. Students will learn techniques and protocols in data arrangement, visualization, and partitioning that are appropriate for different analytical methods. This course will appeal to both undergraduate students (seniors and some juniors) and graduate students.

ANTH 60314 Analytical Methods in Anthropology II: Qualitative Analysis
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course provides grounding in some of the methods of qualitative data analysis present in the field of anthropology. The course's focus is to help students develop skills that students can use to systematically and rigorously analyze anthropological data. During the semester, students will explore a range of approaches and will cover analytic skills that cut across traditions, including theme identification, pattern recognition, content analysis, text analysis, KWIC, and schema analysis. Students will learn techniques and protocols in data arrangement and visualization that are appropriate for different analytical methods. It is a hands-on class where students will be able to work on their own data (or data provided to them by the professor). Collaboration and collegiality will be integral to the course success.

ANTH 60331 Children, Youth and Violence
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from IIPS
In this course, we will examine the particular social, cultural, and political positions occupied by children and youth in contexts of violence, and the practices in which they engage to survive. Children have inhabited a position in popular imagination as unmitigated victims of violence as the refugees, the slaves, the kidnapped child soldiers while youth have contrarily been portrayed as the willing perpetrators of violence: its rebels, gang members, and rioters. In this course, we will investigate notions of child and youth autonomy, gendering, socialization, liminality and resistance through case studies ranging from the streets of Pakistan to the juvenile prisons of the US and the rebel camps of Sierra Leone.

ANTH 60344 Disaster, Relief, and Development
Elective- Department Approval Required
Disasters affecting human populations range from natural (droughts, famines, earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, tsunami) to anthropogenic (conflict, instability, civil strife, and warfare) causes. People displaced by these disasters are usually provided help in the form of humanitarian relief focusing on the equitable provisioning of food, shelter, and other basic necessities within a secure and apolitical environment as the people wait for repatriation/resettlement. However, many of these relief efforts usually end up providing these services to displaced peoples long after the original disaster has ended, and often become the catchment sites for those fleeing subsequent disasters. Over time, relief efforts aimed at basic necessities are combined with development efforts as relief organizations strive to sustain large populations of displaced peoples usually in marginal environments. This course will explore the complexities of providing both relief and development to displaced peoples over time, by comparing and contrasting different approaches. Readings and course materials will be drawn from anthropology, sociology, public health, economics, political science, engineering, and psychology.

ANTH 60551 Space, Place and Landscape
Elective- Department Approval Required
In this course, we will explore human relationships to the built environment and the complex ways in which people consciously and unconsciously shape the world around them. Cultural landscapes are not empty spaces, but rather places we imbue with meaning and significance. We are particularly interested in the ways in which the built environment has worked as an agent of cultural power as well as how social relations (notably class, gender, and ethnicity) have been codified and reproduced through landscapes. We will examine how people perceive, experience, and contextualize social spaces at the intersection of symbolic processes, senses of place, memory, and identity formation as well as how these change through time and across space. As an interdisciplinary endeavor, we will draw from history, geography, art, environmental science, architecture, landscape studies, anthropology, and urban planning, among other disciplines. Students will undertake a significant original research project that investigates the human experience through space, place, and landscape. 

ANTH 60606 The United States' Gilded Age and Progressive Era
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from HIST
This course offers an introduction to the history of the United States from Reconstruction through the First World War with particular emphasis on the social, cultural, and intellectual formations of the period. The United States made a dramatic transition in these years: from a predominantly agrarian and rural society to an urban, industrial society and imperial, world power. It is also said that in this period, a new, national, and distinctly modern culture emerged. We will test the merits of this claim and attempt to understand how Americans grappled with these broad transformations by examining the history of social formations, including class, race, and gender, together with the history of cultural formations - American popular culture, the adaptations of bourgeois culture, and the creation of mass culture. In reading sources such as short stories, poetry, political speeches, and novels, and analyzing photography, film, advertising, and architecture, we will explore the making of a modern America. 

ANTH 60700 Preparing for Fieldwork
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course will give students the opportunity to develop a research proposal and prepare for anthropological fieldwork, regardless of subfield. The class will meet for three weeks at the beginning of the semester and two weeks following Spring Break. The first section will focus on developing a research proposal, seeking approval from the Institutional Review Board, and submitting the proposal for funding. The second part will concentrate on logistical preparation for the field and examining fieldwork ethics and expectations. Students should begin the course with a concrete idea for a research project that they develop in consultation with their advisor.

ANTH 60701 Preparing for the Field: What is in your pack?
Elective- Department Approval Required
Whenever we head to the field we always hope that things will go to plan and that our time will be spent on data collection, not problem solving. However, the reality is that field work is tough and often is riddled with obstacles, especially for anthropologists who work in austere terrain and conditions. “Preparing for the Field” is designed to equip each student with a base set of skill sets ranging from emergency planning to field equipment to medical care. In addition to these skills, each student will walk away from the course with a field work plan tailored to their next expedition so as to be ready to head out to the field once the semester ends! The desired end state is that each student has a durable plan and is physically, materially, and mentally prepared to take on most any challenge that presents itself during their field work. The course will include lecture, scenario-based exercises, and hands-no learning.

ANTH 60707 Lies, Damn Lies, & Statistics
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course provides an intensive introduction to statistical methods of use for anthropological research. It will examine why and when to use quantitative methods, and how such methods can be incorporated into a holistic anthropological research design. Topics covered include probability theory, and parametric, non-parametric, and Bayesian principles of hypothesis testing, data ordination, and methods of analyzing non-independent data including network analysis. All course work will be undertaken using free statistical packages available through the R programming language. No prior mathematical or programming experience is needed.

ANTH 60800 Ethnographic Methods for Peace Research
Elective- Crosslisted from IIPS
In this course, students will learn to use methods, insights, and techniques of ethnographic fieldwork in order to conduct research in conflict and post-conflict settings. We will investigate topics such as researcher identity and access in the field, research design, bias and ethical considerations, interview techniques, participant observation, writing fieldnotes, coding and analysis, and writing. This class is designed to prepare students for a field experience, therefore the course requires students to formulate and carry out a project in the local setting as the primary focus of learning.

ANTH 60805 GLOBES: Global Change and Civilization
Elective- Department Approval Required
All human populations, from the simplest to the most complex, interact with their natural environment. Humans alter the environment, and are in turn altered by it through biological or cultural adaptations. Global environmental changes helped to create and shape our species and modern industrial societies are capable of altering the environment on scales that have never been seen before, creating many questions about the future of human-environmental coexistence. This course explores the ways that humans are altering the global environment and the ways that global environmental changes alter humans in return. Four major topics are examined: global climate change, alterations of global nutrient cycles, biodiversity and habitat loss, and ecosystem reconstruction. Students will complete the course with an understanding of the metrics and physical science associated with each type of change, their ecological implications, and the ways in which environmental changes continually reshape human biology and culture. This course is for graduate students and upper-division undergraduates. This course meets a core requirement for GLOBES students.

60808 GLOBES: Humans, Genes & Environment
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from BIOS
The GLOBES (Global Linkages of Biology, the Environment, and Society) series of courses offered each semester reflect various areas of life science relevant to multiple disciplines. Students should expect to have a different topic offered every semester under the GLOBES heading.

ANTH 60825 Gender and Health
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course examines the intersection of gender, health policy, and health care organization around the world. Gender is frequently a central contributing (though sometimes ignored) factor to people's health. Men and women have different biologies, and it thus stands to reason that their lives; social, economic, political, and biological; would have an effect on their health. What causes men to have different illnesses than women? What places one gender at greater risk for illness than the other? How do men and women across the world experience health policies? Are they affected and constrained by similar factors? How do their work lives affect their experiences with health? How is the body medically produced? How do poverty and development play a role in people's well-being? Through an inquiry-based approach, these and other topics will be addressed in this class.

ANTH 60890 Archaeology of Death
Elective- Department Approval Required
Our species is unique because it is the only species that deliberately buries its dead. Mortuary analysis (the study of burial patterns) is a powerful approach that archaeologists use for the study of prehistoric social organization and ideology. This course explores the significance of prehistoric human mortuary behavior, from the first evidence of deliberate burial by Neanderthals as an indicator of the evolution of symbolic thought, to the analysis of the sometimes spectacular burial patterns found in complex societies such as ancient Egypt and Megalithic Europe. We will also examine the theoretical and practical aspects of the archaeology of death, including the applications of various techniques ranging from statistics to ethnography, and the legal and ethical issues associated with the excavation and scientific study of human remains.

ANTH 60895 The World at 1200
Elective- Department Approval Required
The 12th and 13th centuries were a dynamic period in world history as civilizations across the globe experienced significant growth, reorganization, and even collapse. Trade, wars, missionary work, and exploration fostered extensive and far-reaching interactions among neighboring and more distant cultures. Genghis Khan, the Crusades, the Khmer Empire, the end of the Toltec Empire, and the peak of the ancestral Pueblo occupation of the Mesa Verde cliff dwellings are but a few of the forces and civilizations shaping the world at A.D. 1200. Traditionally, these civilizations and events are studied diachronically and in relative isolation from contemporaneous global developments. This course departs from tradition and adopts a synchronic analysis of the dramatic changes experienced across the globe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. By examining these cultural shifts in light of simultaneous transitions in other areas of the world, new questions and answers can be generated concerning the activities and processes that shape people's lives in past and present civilizations.

ANTH 63100 Human Osteology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This is a lab-intensive course that explores the methods used in physical anthropology for studying individual human skeletal remains, as well as those employed to establish biocultural connections at the population level. Forensic techniques utilized in individual identification will be developed in the first third of the course.

ANTH 63101 Bioarchaeology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Bioarchaeology is the study of human skeletal remains for reconstructing the biology and cultures of past peoples. We will use the three large ancient Near Eastern collections housed in the Anthropology department to explore theoretical and methodological issues related to: paleopathology (violence, infection, & nutrition indicators in particular), population mobility (migration & pilgrimage), subsistence (chemical analysis of diet & weaning), paleodemography, childhood health and adaptability, mortuary analysis, daily activities (musculo-skeletal indicators), bimolecular genetics, and ethical issues faced when working with human remains. We will explore the archaeological and/or historical records associated with each collection as well, for an holistic understanding of ancient life at these sites. This will be a very hand-on class requiring active participation.

ANTH 63102 Life History Theory
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course explores the evolution of organisms using Life History Theory, a key framework in evolutionary anthropology. Using evolutionary ecological and biocultural perspectives, we will explore the literature on energy allocation and trade-offs that occur in organisms between growth, maintenance, and reproduction, that facilitate their survival, development, and reproductive fitness when confronting ecological and environmental stresses. Students will: learn the basic theoretical principles of Life History Theory, examine the distinctive slow life history traits of humans and non-human primates, and explore how life history trade-offs impact the immune and health statuses, reproduction, and growth, of modern human populations throughout the world.

ANTH 63103 Evolution of Human Health and Disease
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course explores evolutionary medicine with a special focus on the health and disease of humans throughout time. Using Darwinian and holistic perspectives, we will discuss how proximate causes (e.g. culture, technology, nutrition, environment, etc.) and ultimate causes (evolution), have shaped human health. We will apply evolutionary principles to help us better understand pathogen virulence, the emergence of epidemic infectious diseases, the rise of chronic non-communicable diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, hypertension), autoimmune diseases, changes to reproduction, and antibiotic resistance. Additionally, students will examine the influence of sanitation initiatives, vaccinations, healthcare, and social inequities, in rapidly changing human health outcomes in the modern era; we will also discuss the potential of these factors to influence future health disparities, disease ecology, and evolutionary outcomes. This course will incorporate evidence from genetics, biological anthropology, public health, evolutionary biology, and evolutionary medicine theoretical perspectives.

ANTH 63108 We Were Never Alone: Navigating the Multispecies Interface
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course seeks to deeply absorb the literature on the human-other animal entanglements with a diverse theoretical and disciplinary toolkit. Perusing scientific, literary, historical, philosophical and other engagements with the multispecies-ness of the human experience will take center stage via readings, seminars, lectures by scholars, group discussions, and term projects.

ANTH 63109 Physiology & Health in Social and Ecological Context
Elective- Department Approval Required
Research in the social and life sciences increasingly explores the ways in which social and ecological contexts shape the functioning of individuals' neurobiology and physiology, with ramifications for their health, behavior, and fitness. In both humans and other animals, these dynamics include social hierarchy, social network dynamics, differential diets and access to critical resources, and the quality of the lived environment. For humans, there are added dimensions of cultural systems and political economic, structural forces that shape these facets of daily life, affecting biological development and function across the life course, with implications for acute and chronic health. Related to those political economic and cultural forces, we are in an age of rapid anthropogenic depletion of the environment. Consequently, there are increasing and novel pressures placed on nonhuman animal populations, affecting their access to resources and typically having negative ramifications for their health and reproduction. Such ecological encroachment also heightens risks for human-nonhuman pathogen transmission, highlighting the need to understand health and physiological function from interspecies perspectives. Theoretically, this course will draw on frameworks such as life history theory, the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD), and niche construction theory that emphasize feedbacks between biological and social processes at the individual and population levels. We will focus on bio-social feedback at multiple levels of biological function, potentially including: endocrinology, immunology, epigenetics, genetics (gene X environment interaction), nutrition/energy allocation, and the microbiome. The course structure will include time allotted to workshopping students' own data analyses and/or grant writing, with the culminating project for the course being a draft of a journal article or grant submission. 

ANTH 63200 The Social Species: The Anthropology and Archaeology of Interaction
Elective- Department Approval Required
Human beings are distinguished in the animal kingdom by the degree to which we are embedded in wide-ranging networks of interaction. Anthropologists and archaeologists have long been interested in reconstructing the evolutionary causes of the human social talent, and the nature and structure of these connections in the past and present. This course will review current understanding of the evolutionary causes and consequences of human social networks beginning with our earliest ancestors, and reviewing archaeological and anthropological methods used to study them, including social network analysis (SNA). Network analysis is a powerful set of tools and theories drawn from across the social and physical sciences that can be used to study and model relational data. The course will review both the basics of network analysis as a tool, but also what we know of the structure of human social networks from classic sociological and anthropological studies, and discuss how network approaches can be used to study and model interaction and social structure in the past (or present). No prior mathematical or statistical training is needed to take this course.

ANTH 63201 Nasty, Brutish, and Short: The Archaeology of War
Elective- Department Approval Required
Organized violence between human communities is one of the unfortunate realities of human existence, and its causes and consequences have consequently been of great interest. Is war an inevitable outcome of human nature, or the result of specific social, historical, and environmental circumstances? Archaeology is uniquely positioned to provide concrete insights into the history of human violence through study of its direct material correlates traumatic injuries on skeletons, fortified settlements, weaponry, and iconography. However, the archaeological record also documents the impacts of violence reduced nutritional status and health, evidence for enslavement, cannibalism, and population decline and can provide insights into why war occurred through examination of environment, population, and social conditions. In this course, we will explore what the archaeological record tells us about violence, human nature, and the veracity of claims for either a more violent or more peaceful past. We will examine theoretical models of war, anthropological studies of conflict, and archaeological case studies of both violent and peaceful times to understand the role that organized violence has played in human history and evolution.

ANTH 63202 Gender and Archaeology
Elective- Department Approval Required
In this course, students will explore the potential for studying and reconstructing a prehistory of people through archaeology. We will consider the historical and theoretical foundations of creating an engendered past, the methodological and practical aspects of "doing" engendered archaeology, and the intersection between political feminism, archaeological knowledge production, and the politics of an engendered archaeology. Topics for consideration include feminist perspectives on science, anthropology, and archaeology; concepts of gender in prehistory and the present; women's and men's relations to craft production, state formation, and space; and the complex relationship between feminism, archaeology, and the politics of women and men in archaeology and the archaeological past. Under the broad theoretical, political and historical umbrella of feminism, archaeologists today are negotiating their own paths toward an engendered past from multiple directions, and this course will explore the diversity of these approaches toward creating a prehistory of people.

ANTH 63203 Historical Archaeology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course examines the methodological and theoretical foundations for the archaeology of European colonization and the post-colonial material world. Course materials focus on material life and the diversity of sociocultural experiences in North America since 1492. The class examines how historical archaeologists have interpreted life in the world of global capitalism and colonization over the last half millennium and how archaeological insights can be used to understand and critique our own world. The distinctive analytical techniques of historical archaeology will be studied, including documentary research, artifact analysis methods, and field excavation techniques. The course will probe the interdisciplinary nature of historical archaeology, assess the social significance of archaeological knowledge, and scrutinize cultural, class, and gendered influences on archaeological interpretation.

ANTH 63204 Visual Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Visual Anthropology provides a powerful and engaging means of sharing historical and anthropological stories.  This new course is based on the assumption that people think in terms of images, movement, sound, and that film can be used to create powerful and important human narratives.  This class is designed to train students in how to research, design, manage, and complete short documentary film projects using accessible affordable equipment such as IPhones and GoPros.  As a graduate/undergraduate elective class for up to 16 students, this course is thematically focuses on understanding and documenting the historical, social, economic and personal stories centered on 19th through 20th century Indiana local barns, and placing these in a meaningful cultural and historical context. 

As part of this class student will work in groups of two to research an individual farmstead, focusing on the barn as a material setting (for a class total of eight historical barns and homesteads), documenting the past through the integration of historical research, oral history, and film.  Students will develop a 2 min video for inclusion in a video book that touches on local history, a longer 8 min video that explores the life, history, and historical and social context of the barn, the families that lived there, and a short written work that summarizes the research.  It is anticipated that this class will be taught three times and that the resulting short films will become part of a larger film book and the longer videos will be shown to Notre Dame audiences each term.  Thus, the students will be both developing an individual series of projects but will also be participating in the broader collaborative mission of developing visual history.  This approach, as well as the importance role of linking Anthropology with film making within a university environment, is highlighted by the success of the Advanced Laboratory for Visual Anthropology, California State University, Chico, and several other North American and European programs (

ANTH 63205 Archaeology of Ireland
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course examines the cultural and historical trajectory of the archaeology of Ireland through a series of richly illustrated lectures, organized chronologically, that trace cultural, social, and technological developments from the Neolithic through the Viking period. Integrated with this lecture series, and running concurrently on alternate days, will be a series of seminar and discussion classes focused upon a number of anthropological and archaeological issues related to each of these periods of time. This includes the emergence of the unique systems of communities, and the development of systems of metallurgy in the Iron Age. Other classes will touch upon the topics of regionalism, identity and contact at different periods of time; mortuary practices and ritual; and discussion of village life in ring forts during the Bronze Age.

ANTH 63206 Tales of the South Pacific
Elective- Department Approval Required
The Pacific Ocean, an expanse of 162 million square kilometers, covers nearly 32% of the Earth's surface, and is the site of an island world of diverse ecosystems, languages, and cultures. While humans first settled the western edge of this vast ocean about 55,000 years ago, much of the Pacific had been settled for less than a millennium at the time of first historical documentation, marking the most recent expansions of our species into new territory. The peoples of the Pacific and their cultures have provided important anthropological and archaeological studies of a range of institutions including kinship, economy, language, religion, warfare, and adaptation to diverse and sometimes fragile ecosystems. At the same time, the people of the Pacific have often been stereotyped on the one hand as warlike, superstitious, and isolated, and on the other as noble savages corrupted by the modern world. Using case studies drawn from across the Pacific Islands, the course will address broad topics such as gender, warfare, sustainability, and social structure. This course will explore the realities of life in a unique island environment and the lessons that can be learned from studying its people about what it means to be human.

ANTH 63207 Landscapes: Use, Movement, and Perception
Elective- Department Approval Required
The human experience is a social and spatialized one. Ever since we appeared on the planet, humans have intentionally and unintentionally shaped the land and spaces around them for a variety of reasons including subsistence, economic, social, political, and spiritual activities. Thus, landscapes and spaces not only reflect, order, and create our cultural identities and worldview, but also they enable and constrain us. In this seminar-style course, we will explore how the way people live and their culture shapes our relationships the natural and constructed environment and each other. The goal is to provide students with a strong foundation in current landscape theory, analysis, and interpretation. We will cover a range of topics that intersect with landscape, including social order, settlement, cosmography and ideology, political landscapes, boundaries, natural places and resources, sense of place, and memory-making. Course organization draws heavily on the instructor’s expertise, but emphasizes a broad and integrative engagement with the anthropological literature.

ANTH 63208 Global Visual Culture
Elective- Department Approval Required
Visual anthropology involves the cross-cultural study of images in communication and the use of images as a method for doing anthropology. This course proceeds through a non-linear integration of visual themes including water, earth, light, fire, flesh and blood with analytical themes including aesthetics, poetics, violence, history, materiality and subjectivity. We explore still photography, film, and popular media in domains from ethnography, social documentary, war photojournalism, to high art. Students watch, read and write about, and generate visual products of their own in multiple media.

ANTH 63210 Anthropology of Everyday Life
Elective- Department Approval Required
Have you ever pondered how people live(d) in a world without television, YouTube, iPhones, Lady GaGa, and cellphones? Why have bellbottoms come and gone twice in the last 50 years? Will we be forced to relive the fashion mistakes of the 1980s? What new stuff will people invent and sell next? In asking and answering these questions, we must focus on one underlying query: What does our stuff really say about who we are and who we want to be? This course combines lectures, discussions, and interactive small group activities to explore the nature and breadth of peoples' relationships with their things. We will investigate why and how people make and use different types of objects, and how the use of these material goods resonates with peoples' identities in the deep past, recent history, and today. Since everyone in the class will already be an expert user and consumer of things, we will consider how people today use material objects to assert, remake, reclaim, and create identities, and compare today's practices to those of people who lived long ago. Class members will learn about how anthropologists, including ethnographers (studying people today) and archaeologists (studying past peoples) think about and approach the material nature of our social, economic, and political lives. We will discuss why styles and technologies change through time, and why, in the end, there is very little new under the sun in terms of human behaviors and the way people produce and consume goods. The topical breadth of this workshop encompasses most social science disciplines, including history, economics, psychology, and anthropology, and resonates with classics, art history, and gender studies.

ANTH 63211 Sherds for Nerds: Anthropology of Pottery and People
Elective- Department Approval Required
In many archaeological sites, pottery is the most common type of artifact recovered. The analysis and interpretation of ceramic remains allow archaeologists to accomplish several goals: establish a chronological sequence, track interaction between different areas, and suggest what types of activities people may have conducted at the site. This course will focus on the ways that archaeologists bridge the gap between the analysis and the interpretation of ceramic data.

ANTH 63255 Archaeology and Material Culture
Elective- Department Approval Required
We usually think of field work and excavation as being the essence of archaeology, but much of what we know about the past is learned in the laboratory, where we study the artifacts brought in from the field. A rough rule of thumb states that two hours of lab time are needed for every hour spent in the field, so in reality, lab work may be even more important than field work in archaeology. This course is a laboratory class that will use many different activities to teach you about how archaeologists organize, preserve, and study archaeological artifacts to learn about the past. This class provides an in-depth introduction to basic laboratory methods for the organization, curation, and analysis of pottery, stone tools, metals, soil samples, and floral and faunal remains. By the end of the semester, you will engage in a hands-on application of course principles by conducting a research project on materials from Notre Dame's archaeological collections. 

ANTH 63257 Lithic Technology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Prehistoric stone tools represent the oldest form of human technology. Much of human prehistory worldwide and throughout ancient times is decipherable primarily through stone tools. Experimental replication of stone technologies is viewed as an essential method to understanding past technologies. Organized as a series of practical laboratory exercises, in this class we deal with a broad survey of the fundamental concepts of stone tool technology, including mechanical properties of tool stone, stone heat treatment, prehistoric quarrying and mining strategies and elementary concepts of flaking stone. Students gain familiarity with these topics in a laboratory context by participating in flint knapping practice and working intensively with several archaeological collections. In addition to the laboratory exercises, students will present the results of a team project based on hands-on manufacture of tools, or analysis of materials from archaeological collections.

ANTH 63302 Anthropology of War & Peace
Elective- Department Approval Required
Are humans naturally violent or peaceful? How do societies and individuals in diverse global contexts cope with life in conflict zones? How do violence and peace affect human health and physiology? To address these and related questions, we will adopt a broad anthropological perspective, while always asking how anthropology, as a uniquely humanistic science, can be leveraged to produce actionable social policy. Over the course of the semester, we will join philosophical debates on human nature, examine archaeological evidence of conflict and prosociality in the past, look to non-human primate social behavior, and trace the effects of violence on human biology. We will also consider a variety of cultural values related to violence and peace in extant human societies. By the end of the course, students will have gained substantial experience in applying anthropological theory, methods, and evidence to fundamental questions of global policy.

ANTH 63303 Identity, Pluralism, and Democracy
Elective- Department Approval Required
Why are identities important in a world of connections? How do different societies deal with cultural, linguistic, religious, gendered, and physical “diversity”? What are the differences between multiculturalism, relativism, and pluralism? What can we add, as anthropologists, to discussion on identity, democracy, and social justice? The course addresses such questions by focusing on relevant issues including genital modification, current events in the US, Muslim-Christian relationships, urban conflict and coexistence in Bosnia, and the recent London riots and Arab Uprising.

ANTH 63304 Race, Experience, and Politics
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course challenges students to think about the relationship between the experience of race and politics. Historically, scholars have variously theorized race and racism, so we first consider the socio-cultural contexts of such intellectual engagements. Secondly, we examine the many ways in which race can be experienced: from everyday life, to education, and to popular culture (e.g., film, dance, music, and sports). Finally, we explore the politicization of race in various liberal democratic states. Throughout the semester, students must critically engage the junctures and disjunctures between racial experience and political thought. Although considerable weight will be given to ethnographic sources, this course is interdisciplinary and will draw from disciplines across the social sciences and humanities.

ANTH 63307 The Culture of Medicine
Elective- Department Approval Required
Biomedicine is increasingly polarized by the lay public, with arguments ranging from disillusionment with its practice to an extolling of its abilities to solve social and medical problems. Debates have been waged over the perceived greed, avarice, and abuses of medical power, the efficacy of medical training, and how physician burnout and stress result in poor patient treatment. Yet these concerns are tempered by calls to action where medicine is not only seen as a social good and human right, but where doctors are the keys to social transformation through technological and care-giving innovation. How does such a paradox exist within a system of healing? Why is biomedicine so fraught with these opposing views? How did this system arise, and how does it become a culture of its own with its own language, belief system, rituals, and ethos? This course will address some of the questions about medical ethos and practice across space and through time. It is open to juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Students who were in CSEM (How Doctors Think) cannot take this course.

ANTH 63308 Trade and Globalization: From 100000 BC to the Present
Elective- Department Approval Required
The idea of globalization as a recent phenomenon is firmly grounded in the popular conscious. In the minds of most people, globalization and the accompanying processes of global commerce and trade are seen either as the solutions to the world's problems or the causes thereof. In this course, we will address the problems with these ideas as we explore the history of long-distance human interactions going back into the early history of Homo sapiens from the emergence from Africa ca. 100,000 BC to the present. Topics covered will include human migrations, trade, exchange, and other interactions from our Paleolithic ancestors to the rise of settled cultures and complex societies in both the Old and New Worlds. Particular focus will be placed on the role of long-distance exchange, trade, and commerce on human activities as ideas, goods, and peoples moved across deserts, mountains, and oceans. In-class discussions will be based on readings from anthropology, archaeology, history, economics, business studies, and political science, as well as documentaries and film to address issues of similarity and difference between past and contemporary globalization processes. The objective of the course is to understand globalization and trade as universal yet varying forces in human social and cultural evolution.

ANTH 63309 Global Crime and Corruption
Elective- Department Approval Required
As the world of the 21st century globalizes, so too does crime. Millions of people and trillions of dollars circulate in illicit economies worldwide. This represents power blocks larger and more powerful than many of the world's countries. This class will look at what constitutes the illegal today, who is engaged in crime and corruption, and what kinds of economic, political and social powers they wield. It will also look at the societies and cultures of "outlaws." For example, internationalization has influenced crime in much the same ways that it has multinationals and nongovernmental organizations: criminal networks now span continents, forge trade agreements and hone foreign policies with other criminal organizations, and set up sophisticated systems of information, exchange, and control. Anthropology - with its studies of cultures - provides a dynamic approach to the illegal: what customs inform law abiders and criminals, what values guide their actions, what behaviors shape their worlds? The course will explore the many kinds and levels of criminality and corruption: how do we consider the differences (or similarities) among, for example, drug and arms smugglers, white collar corruption, gem runners or modern day slavers, and governmental or multinational corporate crime? What impact does each have on our world and in our lives? What solutions exist? Class is interactive in nature, and in addition to the normal reading and writing, students will do an anthropological class project on a topic of their choice concerning global crime and corruption.

ANTH 63310 Advanced Human Ethology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This class provides the opportunity to discuss materials and topics from prior anthropology courses and will culminate with each student choosing a research topic and presenting it in the form of a Powerpoint to the class. A second requirement in addition to weekly readings, discussion and or reviews of many articles read previously will be the completion of a significant observational study of some aspect of human behavior covered by class material. The topics to be investigated include but are not limited to the evolutionary and cultural perspectives on human aggression, sleep, laughter, grief, sex differences in behavior, institutional sports, play, parenting, infant care practices, or communication (especially non-verbal).

ANTH 63312 Anthropology of Reproduction
Elective- Department Approval Required
In this course we will examine a variety of issues related to reproduction. We will concentrate on anthropological studies related primarily to reproductive health throughout the life cycle, such as sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth, midwifery, reproductive freedom, and the politics of the nation-state as they affect women's (and men's) reproductive lives. We will use ethnographic readings and examples from around the world to illustrate our discussions and gain an understanding of the complex intertwining of local and global politics regarding reproductive experiences and choices. An integral part of the course will be an ethnographic research project wherein you will apply anthropological theories and methods.

ANTH 63313 Anthropology of Childhood & Education
Elective- Department Approval Required
Concepts of human growth vary extraordinarily across time and space. When children become full-fledged persons, when they can reason, when or whether they should be independent from their parents, and how all this happens are variable and illuminating. Education - either formal or informal - reflects and also constitutes a society's view of childhood. This course provides a selective cross-cultural survey of childhood and education, looking at stages from pregnancy and infancy to late adolescence. Students will devise and conduct projects of their own.

ANTH 63314 Immigration in Global Perspective
Elective- Department Approval Required
How do people in immigrant-receiving countries shape their attitudes toward immigrants? What are the differences between refugees and other migrants? How is immigration related to urban "immigrant riots?" And what can anthropological studies of borders and national policies tell us about the transnational world in which we live? We will examine these and related questions, and more generally the causes, lived experiences, and consequences of migration. We will acquire a sound understanding of migration in its social, political, legal, and cultural facets. Fieldwork accounts from countries of origin and from the U.S., Europe, Australia, and Japan will enable us to appreciate both global and U.S. distinctive trends. Rather than merely learning a collection of facts about immigrants, we will address how migration intersects with gender and class, the mass media, border enforcement, racism, the economy, territory and identity formation, and religion.

ANTH 63315 Animal Encounters
Elective- Department Approval Required
How do animals relate to non-human animals across cultures? Does culture make a difference in how humans relate to animals and the natural world? What are the roles that animals play in different societies - as food, as religious figures, as companions, as kin, as laborers? From its origins as a discipline, anthropology has examined human-animal relations in a variety of social and geographic settings. This course will review some of the classic examples of cross-cultural relations with animals, and bring these examples into conversation with current debates about race and classification, animal ethics, biotechnology, and food politics. Students will engage with texts, films, and other media from anthropology as well as philosophy, history, and feminist science studies. We will approach these materials from an anthropological perspective that focuses on how our diverse and dynamic expressions of identity and culture shape, and are shaped by, how we engage with other species - whether as beings to think with, live with, love, kill, and/or consume..

ANTH 63316 Ballads to Hip-Hop
Elective- Department Approval Required
Together with the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean have been among the most influential exporters of music globally since the early 20th century. This course traces these processes of musical production and consumption. Students will be introduced to important historical and stylistic musical developments as we survey various styles and genres with attention to their cultural significance - including the corrido (Mexican ballad), Caribbean-derived salsa, and cumbia, among others. Our approach, such that we are dealing with music-cultures, is at once anthropological and ethnomusicological. In order we achieve our aims, the course is organized along two axes: one chronological (so to speak), the other conceptual, neither complete. The chronological portion will allow us to survey various genres and ensembles of musical production. We dovetail this effort with a focus on important themes and concepts that aid in understanding the present and historical conditions of the terrain where performance, identity, race-ethnicity, gender, transnationalism, and commoditized publics intersect.

ANTH 63318 Ritual Studies
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from MSM
Ritual is the most powerful medium of communication, since it can make use of language, performance, symbolism, architecture—anything humans can do. Ritual can be found everywhere—in religion, politics, marketing, entertainment. In this hands-on course we will learn how to research the ways people use or avoid ritual: how and why they embrace or reject liturgical reforms, invent new rites or revive old ones, cross or respect picket lines, wear funny hats at sports events, fight over the planning of the high school prom, or go out for a smoke during the sermon—and how ritual shapes culture and is shaped by culture. Learning by doing, we will be initiated into the academic study of symbolism, narrative, myth, memory, community, and culture, using social science techniques that include participant observation, semi-structured interviewing, focus groups, writing and coding field notes, film criticism, and more.

ANTH 63375 Anthropology of Poverty
Elective- Department Approval Required
What is poverty? What does it mean to be poor, destitute and powerless? Does poverty in the developed world refer to the same conditions and factors that determine poverty in developing and undeveloped countries? What does genteel poverty mean? Does the ability to possess material goods and to consume indicate lack of poverty? What is the cycle of poverty? Can one break out of it? This course will address these and other questions on poverty through anthropological analysis. The course is divided into two parts: a) poverty in the pre-industrial era, and b) poverty in contemporary societies. Topics covered in the first part include the beginnings of poverty and social inequality in the earliest complex urban societies of the Middle East, Africa and South Asia, urbanism, production, distribution and poverty in various time periods including classical Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Era, and slavery, colonialism and poverty. The second part will address issues such as the relationship between industrialism, colonialism and poverty in 19th and 20th centuries, instituted poverty in post-colonial and post-industrial societies, and global manifestations of poverty in the 21st century. The course materials include readings from anthropology (archaeology, cultural anthropology, and biological anthropology), history, economics, theology, political science, as well as documentaries and films.

ANTH 63402 Doing Things with Words
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course looks at some of the ways humans do things with words. Topics include religious language; silence; politeness and sincerity; truth, deception, lying, and cheating; linguistic variety, identity, and stereotypes; moral evaluations made of language; and language used for power and solidarity.

ANTH 63403 Global Indigenous Politics
Elective- Department Approval Required
Indigenous people often appear to be people without property. Whether it is outside observers who presume that they never had a "proper" economy of individual possessions, or whether it is indigenous representatives who define themselves as having lost their property-- their land, their traditions, their languages-- what and who is indigenous is defined by an absence. In contemporary contexts of globalization, however, indigenous traditional knowledge as intellectual property has become a lightning rod of political action. There has been a corresponding redefinition of the indigenous from the criterion of autochthony or priority to relations of dispossession or knowledge about, property and its place in the construction of individuals and collectivities in indigenous societies. This course connects cultural categories of property with ethnographic scenes of its alientation to explore the emerging role of culture as emblem, itself a kind of property. We ask how indigenous appropriation of the culture concept and colonial appropriation of the environment knowledge, art, language, and land of indigenous cultures furthers the cycle of symbolic and material exchange that defines indigeneity.

ANTH 63404 Person, Self, Body, Mind
Elective- Department Approval Required
What makes human beings the way we are? How do our very beings—subjective, social, biological, or biopsychosocial—get created? What’s universal and what varies around the world?
We shake up commonsense understandings of these four primary building blocks of experience, ultimately coming up with our own theories and applying them to real-world topics of students’ choice.
Topics include Spirit Possession | Morality | Rights and Responsibilities | Emotion | Authenticity, Masks, Performance | Embodiment | Theory of Mind | Disabilities | Learning and Socialization | Humans-and-Others | Body Image and Beauty

ANTH 63405 Ethnographic Populism
Elective- Department Approval Required
“All ethnography is fiction” contended Edmund Leach, and it is true that ethnography may sometimes demand qualities of imagination in other contexts more typical of literature. While ethnography “at home,” in the work of folklorists especially, was often understood to be a “national science,” documenting and mapping the national culture, ethnographers were not alone in creating representations of the nation. The work of many writers was in part informed by their ethnographic engagement (Ibsen and Yeats, for example, both collected folklore), and literature (as Fredric Jameson has intimated) can itself be an “allegory for the nation.” Romanticism was particularly important here, with its esthetic attempts to rescue tradition from the homogenizing and universalizing logic of the Enlightenment and the industrial revolution. Tradition in this way was often ethnicized or nationalized (as Volksgeist), with the corollary that modernity was seen as a mortal threat to ethnic or national specificity. Populist politics typically evoked the nation that would exist only for the traducement of its elites, hence representing the plebs as the real people (as Ernesto Laclau argues). In these terms the work of many writers and folklorists was implicitly or explicitly populist. But ethnography too could be used to identify the obstacles to political unity and integration, both at the national and the imperial level. This indeed is a well-known part of the history of anthropology, but also of folklore studies. If Romantic folklorists wished to record and preserve folklore in the spirit of cultural relativism, “metropolitan” folklorists saw it through a universalistic lens, strongly influenced by the evolutionism of Tylor’s Primitive Culture (1871) for which it was a “survival” from an earlier era. This course will look at the intersection of folklore, literature and nationalist and colonial politics in 18th, 19th and early 20th century cultural history, using critical works from anthropology, folklore studies, history, literary theory and sociology.

ANTH 63406 Food and Culture
Elective- Department Approval Required
All humans eat, but the variations in what, how, and why we eat are dazzling. This course examines the many roles that food played in a variety of cultures. We consider food choices and taboos, religious and symbolic meanings of food, dining and social interactions, obesity and thinness, and the political and industrial issues of fast food and the slow food movement. There will be practical and field studies associated with the course.

ANTH 63407 Writing Anthropology: Genres and Practices
Elective- Department Approval Required
This workshop-style class focuses on writing and many other modalities of presenting anthropological knowledge and research. We read and watch and listen to many varieties of presentation, discuss the pros and cons of each for various purposes, read about writing and rhetoric theory, establish a daily writing practice, and by the end complete two pieces of writing based on each participant's own research. 

ANTH 63500 Research Design in Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course is geared towards understanding, developing, assessing, and applying the necessary skills and tools to undertake advanced research in anthropology. Core areas covered include research project development, design and implementation, connecting theory to practice, institutional review boards (human and animal subjects), ethics, grant writing and evaluating, field and lab work, qualitative vs/and quantitative approaches, and related topics.  In addition to short written assignments and classroom presentations, students will be required to develop a research proposal and a companion grant proposal over the course of the term in dialogue with the topics covered.

ANTH 63501 Anthropological Quantitative Reasoning
Elective- Department Approval Required
In this course the instructor and the student(s) will focus on the assessment and analysis of a dataset and produce a substantive result. Methodological attention will be paid to the modes of statistical assessment and the datasets will be examined in both qualitative and quantitative formats. The student(s) and faculty will meet a minimum of 10 times during the term for a total of a minimum of 750 minutes.  Student assessment is based ion demonstration of advancement in the analysis at hand and the production of a research report or paper.

ANTH 63503 Mixed Methods Data Analysis for Integrative Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
This supervised research experience is designed to guide a student through the steps of combining qualitative and quantitative data into an integrative anthropological analysis. The student will work with an existing data set, with weekly goals and assignments set in conjunction with the faculty mentor. Specific skills developed may include (but are not limited to): coding and quantifying qualitative data, statistical software proficiency, and advanced statistical methods. The final product will be one or more research paper(s) of publishable quality.

ANTH 63592 Migration, Environment, and Change: Legacies of the Southwest
Elective- Department Approval Required
This course introduces students to the diversity of cultures living in the American Southwest from the earliest Paleoindians (11,500 years ago) to European contact, the establishment of Spanish Missions, and the Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692. Most of the course is devoted to learning about the complex cultural developments in the Mimbres Valley, Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, the Rio Grande, and the Phoenix Basin. Class work and discussions will focus on important issues such as the adoption of agriculture, the development of villages, the transformation of ideological beliefs and political organization, the importance of migration, and the impact of warfare using information on environmental relationships, technology, and other aspects of material culture. Students will also learn about descendant populations living in the Southwest today including the Pueblo peoples (e.g., Hopi, Santa Clara, Acoma) and Tohono O'odham.

ANTH 63659 The Human and Its Others
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from GSC
This course introduces students to core theories and methodologies in the study of humanity, personhood, agency, and animacy. Grounded in decolonial, crip, queer, and anti-racist feminisms, we will discuss humanity’s socioscientific construction and ideological ties. The first part of the course investigates what it means to be a person and what populations have been excluded from this realm through discourses of monstrosity, animality, and madness. The next part focuses on the materiality of the human, the construction of the body, and humanity’s entanglement with nature, non-human animals, and things. The final part asks students to develop their understanding of these frameworks further by applying them to emerging scholarship in feminist science and technology studies that puts non-humans and the inanimate at the center of analysis.

ANTH 67111 Independent Summer Research
Must be enrolled in one of the following Major(s): Anthropology (ANTH) or Peace Studies (PSAN)
Departmental Approval Required
This course is for graduate students receiving a summer stipend and conducting independent research. Registering for this course will ensure proper classification for tax purposes. Only those students both actively engaged in research and receiving a stipend are eligible for this course.

ANTH 68500 Directed Research - Archaeology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Intensive independent research on a special problem area in archaeology about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 68600 Graduate Directed Research in Anthropology
Elective- Department Approval Required
Intensive independent research on a special problem area in anthropology, about which the student will be expected to produce a detailed annotated bibliography and write a scholarly paper.

ANTH 83300 Ritual, Ethics, Ethnography
Elective- Department Approval Required, Crosslisted from THEO
The aim of this course is to introduce students to fieldwork methodology as this intersects with questions of ritual belonging and ethics. The first third of the course focuses on qualitative research methods (e.g. participant observation and the field interview).  The second third of the course will familiarize students with key models and insights of post-colonial ritual studies, provide examples of the use of these models to understand liturgy and religious belonging, and prepare students to integrate ritual theory into their ethnographic work.  The final third of the course will raise the question of the relationship between the descriptive and the normative as it has arisen in both cultural anthropology and theological ethnography.  Students will be expected both to master key theoretical concepts and to carry out participant observation field research as part of their course requirements.

ANTH 98100 Research and Dissertation
Department Approval Required
For resident graduate students who have completed all course requirements for the Ph.D.

ANTH 98101 Nonresident Research and Dissertation
Department Approval Required
For non-resident graduate students who have completed all course requirements for the Ph.D.

*Graduate Directed Readings and Research. All are variable credit courses (1-3) unless indicated otherwise. See Class Search on Inside ND for all sections offered for these courses:

66100 Graduate Directed Readings in Biological Anthropology
66110 Graduate Directed Readings in Bioarchaeology
66200 Graduate Directed Readings in Medical Anthropology
66300 Graduate Directed Readings in Sociocultural Anthropology (1-3 credits)
66301 Graduate Directed Readings in Sociocultural Anthropology (1-6 credits)
66400 Graduate Directed Readings in Linguistic Anthropology
66500 Graduate Directed Readings in Archaeology
66700 Graduate Directed Readings in Anthropology
68100 Graduate Directed Research in Biological Anthropology
68110 Graduate Directed Research in Bioarchaeology
68200 Graduate Directed Research in Medical Anthropology
68300 Graduate Directed Research in Sociocultural Anthropology
68400 Graduate Directed Research in Linguistic Anthropology
68500 Graduate Directed Research in Archaeology
68600 Graduate Directed Research in Anthropology